Leap year facts for 2016 – Level 2 Group 1 – class notes 29th February 2016

Solve the anagram

college events & news:

Let’s start by paying a compliment to the people either side of us. Compliment them on who they are or how they have helped you, not just their nice shoes…

Now ask them how their weekend was.

What was the date on Monday?

Why is it significant?

an awkward marriage proposal


  1. BKSB

  2. Good mental health

  3. Leap year reading mingle

  4. Floods in the UK reading

Floods photos: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2557462/UK-weather-Incredible-pictures-flooded-Britain-green-pleasant-land-brown-soggy-one-months-heavy-rain.html

Biblical: The road side store and workshop on the A361 near East Lyng in Somerset is completely flooded with water levels reaching seven foot, completely swamping the surrounding area

Wipe out: Before the recent heavy flooding this was a stretch of road, laying next to fields with small local businesses dotting the pathSandbags have been piled up as the dark skies threaten more rain over East Lyng, Somerset. The south west has suffered relentless rain since ChristmasWaters have risen to an incredible 8ft to turn the tiny Somerset village of East Lyng into a virtual ghost town

Today’s words:

understatement noun [S or U]

a ​statement that ​describes something in a way that makes it ​seem less ​important, ​serious, ​bad, etc. than it really is, or the ​act of making such ​statements:To say that her ​resignation was a ​shock would be an understatement – it ​causedpanic.“It didn’t go well? ” “That’s the understatement of theyear/​decade/​century. It was a ​disaster.”

accountancy noun [U]

the ​job of being an ​accountant:He ​works in accountancy.an accountancy ​firm

accountant noun [C]

B1 someone who ​keeps or ​examines the ​records of ​moneyreceived, ​paid, and ​owedby a ​company or ​person:a ​firm of accountants

expend iconexpend iconMore examples

Superstitions & traditions – Level 2 Group 2 class notes – 25th February 2016

Contrary to the accepted myth, we can’t see The Great Wall of China from space. Look at this video from the International Space Station to see what we can see:


  1. Traditions & superstitions reading

  2. connectors and discourse markers reading & writing

  3. National Careers Service visit

  4. National Careers Service: Careers advice – jobs information …


    The National Careers Service website provides careers advice and information on a wide range of jobs, training course resources and funding.

Make a quick list of 8-10 things that you do on an average day

Number them & put them in order

Now reply to this email from your friend Rula:

Hi buddy,

How’s it going? I am doing a project for my health studies and I need someone (a friend like you, maybe!?) to help me. It’s really important! Can you help? Pleeeeeeeeeeeeeessssssssssssseeeeeeeeeeeeeee!

Here’s what I need you to do: can you write me an email and tell me about your day and everything you do. All the fun things and all the stressful things. When you’re being “assaulted by the clocks of modern urbanity” and when you’re more chilled out.

Oh, by the way, your teacher has asked if you can use linking words and write in paragraphs. Is that okay?


see you next week,

Rula xxx



Today’s words:

relative pronouns. The boys always go to school, their class is brilliant!

  • accommodate verb [T] (SUIT)

to give what is ​needed to someone:The new ​policiesfail to accommodate the ​disabled.We always ​try to accommodate (= ​help)ourclients withfinancialassistance if ​necessary.accommodate yourself to ​change yourself or ​yourbehaviour to ​suit another ​personor new ​conditions:Some ​find it hard to accommodate themselves to the new ​workingconditions.

recede verb [I]

to ​movefurther away into the ​distance, or to ​become less ​clear or less ​bright:As the ​boatpicked up ​speed, the ​coastline receded into the ​distance until ​finally it ​becameinvisible.The ​painfulmemoriesgradually receded in her ​mind.

Jude Law’s receding hairline:




“Paying compliments” + text type & purpose – Entry 3 Group 2 class notes 24th February 2016


  1. Revision quiz

  2. Paying compliments – mental health awareness week

  3. Text types

  4. Purpose of texts

Types of text:

poems or poetry




biography noun [C or U]

B1 the ​lifestory of a ​person written by someone ​else:He ​wrote a biography of Winston Churchill.

autobiography noun

[C] a ​book about a person’s ​life, written by that ​person:Tony Blair’s autobiography was a ​bestseller.

weather forecast
comics or cartoons

persuasive adjective

C1 making you ​want to do or ​believe a ​particular thing:a persuasive ​speaker/​speechYour ​arguments are very persuasive.He can be very persuasive.


adverb UK  

information noun [U]

UK   /ˌɪn.fəˈmeɪ.ʃən/  US   /ˌɪn.fɚˈmeɪ.ʃən/(informal info)

A2 facts about a ​situation, ​person, ​event, etc.:Do you have any information about/ontraintimes?I ​read an ​interesting bit/​piece of information in the ​newspaper.For ​further information (= if you ​want to ​know more), ​pleasecontactyourlocallibrary.
throat lozenge – a medicinal sweet for when you have a sore throat:
You might need a walking guide for going to the Yorkshire Dales:

Time and Urban Myths – Level 2 Group 1 – class notes 22nd February 2016

Class objectives

  1. BKSB

  2. Urban Myths – tell your partners about your Urban Myth and ask them whether they think it’s true or not. more Urban Myths here.

  3. Discourse markers map

  4. Time reading

Urban Myths

Thai rat as big as a cat:

While the rats have been changing, humans have been using the same anticoagulant poisons since the 1950s. This photo shows a huge rat that was caught in Cornwall earlier this year. It measured 50cm from tail to noseThis giant vermin was reportedly found in Gravesend, Kent, as experts warn would outnumber humans two-to-one by this year.



cow sinks boat? 


Landscape with the Fall of Icarus, c.1555 (oil on canvas) by Bruegel, Pieter the Elder (c.1525-69); 73.5×112 cm; Musees Royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, Brussels, Belgium;

Landscape with the Fall of Icarus by Pieter Bruegel

When was it painted?

Who was Icarus?

Which one is he in the picture?

Do you agree with Bruegel’s message on life? Is it good to be ambitious?

Is it true that ‘life goes on’?

Listen to a description of the painting by an art historian. What does she say about…?

the three men

direction and purpose

the central event

an interpretation of the picture.

Today’s words:

discourse marker noun GRAMMAR
plural noun: discourse markers
a word or phrase whose function is to organize discourse into segments, for example well or I mean.

Definition : Conjunctive words – also called connectors – are words that link two similar elements in a sentence. The main categories of conjunctive words are coordinating conjunctions, such as and or or, and subordinating conjunctions such as if, so that, because or while.

Kairos (καιρός) is an ancient Greek word meaning the right or opportune moment (the supreme moment). The ancient Greeks had twowords for time, chronos and kairos.

Kairos – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


urban myth noun [C]

a ​story or ​statement that is not ​true but is often ​repeated, and ​believed by many to be ​true

myth noun

myth noun (ANCIENT STORY)

B2 [C or U] an ​ancientstory or set of ​stories, ​especiallyexplaining the early ​history of a ​group of ​people or about ​naturalevents and ​facts:ancient mythsThe ​childrenenjoyed the ​stories about the ​gods and ​goddesses ofGreek and Roman myth.

plough noun [C]

UK (US plow) UK   US   /plaʊ/

a ​largefarmingtool with ​blades that ​digs the ​soil in ​fields so that ​seeds can be ​planted

shepherd noun [C]

a ​person whose ​job is to take ​care of ​sheep and ​move them from one ​place to another:a shepherd ​boy

winkle sth/sb out


phrasal verb with winkle UK   /ˈwɪŋ.kəl/  US   /ˈwɪŋ.kəl/verb

to get or ​find something or someone with ​difficulty:I ​managed to ​winkle the ​truth out of him ​eventually.

exasperation noun [U]

 the ​feeling of being ​annoyed, ​especially because you can do nothing to ​solve a ​problem:There is ​growing exasperation within the ​government at the ​failureof these ​policies to ​reduceunemployment.After ten ​hours of ​fruitlessnegotiations, he ​stormed out of the ​meeting in exasperation.

wedgewood pottery:

In the winter months, squirrels hibernate, entering a state of suspended animation (torpor) for weeks at a time, interspersed with brief periods of waking.


“Homes of the future” – Level 2 Group 2 – 10th &11th February 2016


  1. Reading – skimming and scanning

  2. Inferring meaning from context in a text

  3. Read a text about homes of the future and make 5 Level 2-style questions for another team.

  4. Match descriptive words to text types

  5. synonyms – online synonyms

  6. BBC text type quiz

Our ideas for houses of the future:

amphibious houses:

solar panels:

better recycling.

more economical houses.

remote controlled house. voice activated house.

GPS chips in people (controversial)

Today’s words:

amble verb [I usually + adv/prep]

to ​walk in a ​slow and ​relaxed way:He was ambling along the ​beach.She ambled down the ​street, ​stoppingoccasionally to ​look in the ​shopwindows.

stroll verb [I]

C1 to ​walk in a ​slow, ​relaxedmanner, ​especially for ​pleasure:We could stroll along the ​beach after ​dinner.

wander verb

wander verb (WALK)

B2 [I or T] to ​walk around ​slowly in a ​relaxed way or without any ​clearpurpose or ​direction:We ​spent the ​morning wandering around the ​oldpart of the ​city.She was ​found several ​hourslater, wandering the ​streets, ​lost.He was here a ​minute ago but he’s wandered offsomewhere.

inefficient adjective

C1 not ​organized, ​skilled, or ​able to ​work in a ​satisfactory way:Existing ​methods of ​production are ​expensive and inefficient.I’m ​hopelessly inefficient atfixing things.

inefficiently  adverb UK   US   /-li/  The ​hotel is inefficiently ​run.

efficient adjective

B1 working or ​operatingquickly and ​effectively in an ​organizedway:The city’s ​transportsystem is one of the most efficient in ​Europe.We need someone really efficient who can ​organize the ​office and make it ​runsmoothly.

sufficient adjective

B2 enough for a ​particularpurpose:This ​recipe should be sufficient for five ​people.It was ​thought that he’d ​committed the ​crime but there wasn’t sufficient ​evidence toconvict him.


scarce adjective

C1 not ​easy to ​find or get:Food and ​cleanwater were ​becoming scarce.scarce ​resources

premium noun (EXTRA)

[C] an ​amount that is more than ​usual:We’re ​willing to ​pay a premium for the ​bestlocation.Because of ​theirlocation, these ​offices attract a premium.The ​modifiedcars are ​available at a premium of five ​percent overthe ​originalprice.The ​busyshopper puts a premium on (= ​appreciates and will ​paymore for)finding everything in one ​bigstore.

concur verb [I]

to ​agree or have the same ​opinion:The new ​report concurs withpreviousfindings.[+ that] The ​board concurred that the ​editor should have ​fullcontrol over ​editorialmatters.[+ speech] “I ​think you’re ​absolutelyright,” concurred Chris.

neaten verb [T]

to make something ​tidy:She’s ​careful to neaten her ​desk before she ​leaves in the ​evening.Could you neaten up those ​bookshelves, ​please?

flirt verb [I]

to ​behave as if ​sexuallyattracted to someone, ​although not ​seriously:Christina was flirting with just about every man in the ​room.

Phrasal verbs

bingenoun [C]

UK   US   /bɪndʒ/ informal

an ​occasion when an ​activity is done in an ​extreme way, ​especiallyeating, ​drinking, or ​spendingmoney:a ​drinking/​eating/​spending bingeHe went on a five ​daydrinking binge.

expend iconexpend iconThesaurus

binge verb [I]

UK   US   /bɪndʒ/ (present participle bingeing orbinging) informal

to ​eat too much of something:I ​tend to binge onchocolate when I’m ​watching TV.



purpose and types of text part 2 – Level 2 Group 1 class notes – 9th February 2016


1. Discuss tone and purpose in a variety of texts

2. Discuss different types of text

3. Review specialist vocabulary using Kahoot!

4. Discuss the format of an informal email and write a 2nd informal email


Today’s words:

insight noun [C or U]

C1 (the ​ability to have) a ​clear, ​deep, and sometimes ​suddenunderstanding of a ​complicatedproblem or ​situation:It was an ​interestingbook, ​full of ​fascinating insights intohumanrelationships.

portray verb [T]

C2 to ​represent or ​describe someone or something in a ​painting, ​film, ​book, or other ​artisticwork:The ​painting portrays a ​beautifulyoungwoman in a ​bluedress.The ​writer portrays ​life in a ​smallvillageat the ​turn of the ​century.portray sb as sth If a ​person in a ​film, ​book, etc. is portrayed as a ​particulartype of ​character, they are ​represented in that way:The ​father in the ​film is portrayed as a ​fairlyunpleasantcharacter.

portrait noun [C]

B2 a ​painting, ​photograph, ​drawing, etc. of a ​person or, less ​commonly, of a ​group of ​people:She’s ​commissioned an ​artist to ​painther portrait/​paint a portrait of her.a portrait ​gallerya portrait ​painter A ​film or ​book that is a portrait of something ​describes or ​representsthat thing in a ​detailed way:Her ​latestnovelpaints a very ​vividportrait of the ​aristocracy in the 1920s.

depict verb [T]

C2 to ​represent or show something in a ​picture or ​story:Her ​paintings depict the ​lives of ​ordinarypeople in the last ​century.In the ​book, he depicts his ​father as a ​tyrant.[+ -ing verb] People were ​shocked by the ​advertisement which depicted a woman ​beating her ​husband.

illustrate verb [T]

  • illustrate verb [T] (DRAW PICTURES)

B2 to ​drawpictures for a ​book, ​magazine, etc.:a ​beautifully illustrated ​book/​oldmanuscript
  • illustrate verb [T] (EXPLAIN)

C1 to show the ​meaning or ​truth of something more ​clearly, ​especiallyby giving ​examples:The ​lecturer illustrated his ​point with a ​diagram on the ​blackboard.This ​latestconflictfurther illustrates the ​weakness of the UN.

sway verb

  • sway verb (MOVE)

[I] to ​moveslowly from ​side to ​side:The ​trees were swaying in the ​wind.The ​movement of the ​shipcaused the ​mast to sway from ​side to ​side/back and ​forth.A ​drunk was ​standing in the ​middle of the ​street, swaying ​uncertainly and ​trying hard to ​stayupright.

[T] to ​cause something to ​move or ​change:Recent ​developments have swayed the ​balance of ​power in the ​region.

 promote verb (ENCOURAGE)

B2 [T] to ​encouragepeople to like, ​buy, use, do, or ​support something:Advertising ​companies are always having to ​think up new ​ways to promote ​products.The Institute is ​intended to promote an ​understanding of the ​politics and ​cultureof the ​Arabworld.Greenpeace ​works to promote ​awareness of the ​dangers that ​threatenourplanet today.It has ​long been ​known that ​regularexercise promotes ​all-round good ​health.

expend iconexpend iconMore examples

convince verb [T]

B1 to ​persuade someone or make someone ​certain:He ​managed to convince the ​jury of his ​innocence.[+ (that)] It’s ​uselesstrying to convince her (that) she doesn’t need to ​lose any ​weight.[+ to infinitive] I ​hope this will convince you tochangeyourmind.

  • tone noun (GENERAL MOOD)

C2 [S] the ​generalmood or ​mainqualities of something:I didn’t like the ​jokey tone of the ​article – I ​thought it was ​inappropriate.Trust you to lower the tone of the ​evening by ​tellingdisgustingjokes, ​Mark!Both ​candidates need to raise the tone of the ​campaign, as the ​electorate is ​tired of ​negativecampaigning.He was in a very ​badmood when he ​arrived, and that set the tone for the ​wholemeeting.

surreal adjective

strange; not ​seemingreal; like a ​dream:Driving through the ​totaldarkness was a ​slightly surreal ​experience.

surreal art:  Surrealistic paintings by Vladimir Kush

surreal art: The Persistence of Memory (1931) by Salvador Dali:

condemn verb [T]

C2 to ​criticize something or someone ​strongly, usually for ​moralreasons:The ​terroristaction has been condemned as an ​act of ​barbarismand ​cowardice.The ​film was condemned foritssexism.

concur verb [I]

to ​agree or have the same ​opinion:The new ​report concurs withpreviousfindings.[+ that] The ​board concurred that the ​editor should have ​fullcontrol over ​editorialmatters.[+ speech] “I ​think you’re ​absolutelyright,” concurred Chris.

vigorous adjective

very ​forceful or ​energetic:a vigorous ​debateThere has been vigorous ​opposition to the ​proposals for a new ​road.He ​takes plenty of vigorous ​exercise. healthy and ​strong:Cutting the ​bush back in the ​autumn will ​helppromote vigorous ​growth in the ​spring.

outrageous adjective

B2 shocking and ​morallyunacceptable:The ​judgecriticized the “outrageous ​greed” of some of the ​bankers.[+ that] It is outrageous that these ​buildingsremainempty while thousands of ​people have no ​homes.These ​prices are just outrageous (= much too high). used to ​describe something or someone that is ​shockingbecause they are ​unusual or ​strange:outrageous ​clothes/​behaviouran outrageous ​character

opinionated adjective

An opininated ​person is ​certain about ​theirbeliefs, and ​expressestheirideasstrongly and often:He was opinionated and ​selfish, but ​undeniablyclever.

tone noun


B2 [U] a ​quality in the ​voice that ​expresses the speaker’s ​feelingsor ​thoughts, often towards the ​person being ​spoken to:I ​tried to use a ​sympathetic tone of ​voice.Don’t ​speak to me in that tone of ​voice (= ​angrily), ​younglady!It wasn’t so much what she said that ​annoyed me – it was her tone.
  • tone noun (GENERAL MOOD)

C2 [S] the ​generalmood or ​mainqualities of something:I didn’t like the ​jokey tone of the ​article – I ​thought it was ​inappropriate.Trust you to lower the tone of the ​evening by ​tellingdisgustingjokes, ​Mark!Both ​candidates need to raise the tone of the ​campaign, as the ​electorate is ​tired of ​negativecampaigning.He was in a very ​badmood when he ​arrived, and that set the tone for the ​wholemeeting.

condolence noun [C usually plural, U]

sympathy and ​sadness for the ​family or ​closefriends of a ​person who has ​recentlydied, or an ​expression of this, ​especially in written ​form:a ​letter of condolenceDignitaries from all over the ​world came to offertheir condolences.

offer verb

offer verb (AGREE TO GIVE)

A2 [I or T] to ​ask someone if they would like to have something or if they would like you to do something:[+ two objects] I ​feelbad that I didn’t offer them any ​food/offer any ​food to them.She was offered a ​job in Paris.Can I offer you (= would you like) a ​drink?
make an offer C2 (also put in an offer) to say ​officially that you would like to ​buy something, ​especially a ​house, at a ​particularprice:They were ​asking €180,000 for the ​apartment, so I put in an offer of €170,000.I’ve made an offer on a ​house in Pine Banks.
B1 a ​reduction in the ​usualprice of ​sth, usually for a ​shortperiod:Don’t ​miss out on ​ourlatest offer.on offer B2 available to be ​bought or used:We were ​amazed at the ​range of ​products on offer.
on (special) offer B1 UK If ​goods in a ​shop are on (​special) offer, they are being ​sold at a ​lowerprice than ​usual.under offer UK If a ​house is under offer, someone has already ​suggested a ​particularprice at which they would be ​willing to ​buy it.

influence noun [C or U]

B2 the ​power to have an ​effect on ​people or things, or a ​personor thing that is ​able to do this:Helen’s a bad/good influence on him.He has a ​hugeamount of influence over the ​citycouncil.Christopher ​hoped to exert his influence to make them ​changetheirminds.At the ​time she was under the influence of her ​father.


In the computer room – Entry 3 group 2 – class notes


  1. Complete the reading, writing and grammar test from last week – on paper.
  2. Log onto Moodle Entry 3 and complete a Headway grammar exercise
  3. complete your BKSB initial assessment and check your English language level.
  4. Ruth’s presentation about chiefs in Ghana.

How to log-on

User name = your college ID number

password = the password I have given you

then press the arrow ->

Open up Chrome web browser:

go to http://www.salfordcc.ac.uk/

then choose Moodle:


Then choose ESOL & Community

Clipboard02 and choose ESOL, then Entry 3

We will do the first 2 exercises in the Grammar section.

After break we will do BKSB


Your username is your college ID

your password I will tell you.

You are going to do the English Functional Skills Initial Assessment:


Good luck!

Ruth’s presentation about the role of chiefs in Ghana:


“Why did the author write this?” Level 2 Group 1 – class notes – 1st & 2nd February 2016


  1. Everyone needs to complete the level 2 tests & if  you’ve done that you’ll be BSKB-ing. Carry on where you left off last time.

  2. Purpose of text discussion.

  3. Purpose of text quizzes – go to https://kahoot.it

  4. Reading about the community

  5. Complete this term’s Individual Learning Plans.

  6. Half Term: Monday 15 February 2016 – Friday 19 February 2016!

Purpose or reason?

so that or so?

I am on a diet so that I will lose weight.

I ate pizza yesterday so I need to fast today.

I have lost 10kg this year.

Bob goes to the gym in order to lose weight.

Sally cycles to work because it’s cheap and I’ve lost 10kg this year already!

Frank has been ill, he’s lost 10kg in weight.

Tricia can speak French, as she lived in Quebec in Canada for 6 years.

Anita is spending six months in Lyon, in order to learn French.

Today’s words:

so as to

In order to, as in We took off our shoes so as to avoid scratching the newly finished floors. This idiom is always followed by an infinitive. For a synonym, see in order to

since conjunction (BECAUSE)

B1 because; as:Since we’ve got a few ​minutes to ​waitfor the ​train, let’s have a ​cup of ​coffee.

owe verb [T]

owe verb [T] (HAVE DEBTS)

B1 to need to ​pay or give something to someone because they have ​lentmoney to you, or in ​exchange for something they have done for you:[+ two objects] I owe Janet $50.We still owe $1,000 onourcar (= we still need to ​pay $1,000 before we own ​ourcar).I owe you a ​drink forhelping me ​move.I ​think you owe (= should give) me anexplanation/​apology.

purpose noun

B1 [C] why you do something or why something ​exists:The purpose of the ​research is to ​try to ​find out more about the ​causes of the ​disease.His only purpose in ​lifeseems to be to ​enjoy himself.Her ​main/​primary purpose in suing the ​newspaper for ​libel was to ​clear her ​name.I came to Brighton for/with the expresspurpose ofseeing you.

simultaneous adjective

C1 happening or being done at ​exactly the same ​time:There were several simultaneous ​explosions in different ​cities.


adverb UK   US  
  • imperative adjective (GRAMMAR)

specialized language used to ​describe the ​form of a ​verb that is usually used for giving ​orders:In the phrase “Leave him ​alone!”, the ​verb “​leave” is in the imperative ​form.

obituary noun [C]

a ​report, ​especially in a ​newspaper, that gives the ​news of someone’s ​death and ​details about ​theirlife

editorial noun [C]

an ​article in a ​newspaper that ​expresses the editor’s ​opinionon a ​subject of ​particularinterest at the ​presenttime:All the ​papersdeal with the same ​subject in ​their editorials.

editor noun [C]

B2 a ​person who ​corrects or ​changespieces of ​text or ​filmsbefore they are ​printed or ​shown, or a ​person who is in ​charge of a ​newspaper or ​magazine:She’s a ​senior editor in the ​referencedepartment of a ​publishingcompany.Who is the ​current editor of the Times?

way-out adjective

UK   US   /ˌweɪˈaʊt/ old-fashioned informal

unusual, ​especially because very ​modern in ​style:A lot of ​experimentaltheatre is too way-out for me.

weird adjective

B2 very ​strange and ​unusual, ​unexpected, or not ​natural:He was ​sittingalone by a ​window with a weird ​contraption on the ​table in ​front of him.Her boyfriend’s a ​bit weird but she’s ​nice.That’s weird – I ​thought I ​left my ​keys on the ​table but they’re not there.

  • audience noun [C] (GROUP OF PEOPLE)

B1 [+ sing/pl verb] the ​group of ​people together in one ​place to ​watch or ​listen to a ​play, ​film, someone ​speaking, etc.:She ​lectures to audiences all over the ​world.The ​secret to ​publicspeaking is to get the audience on ​yourside.The audience was/were ​clearlydelighted with the ​performance.The ​magic show had a lot of audience participation, with ​peopleshouting things to the ​performers and going up on ​stage.B2 [+ sing/pl verb] the (​number of) ​peoplewatching or ​listening to a ​particulartelevision or ​radioprogramme, ​reading a ​particularbook, or ​visiting a ​particularwebsite:
  • forlorn adjective (SAD)

literary alone and ​unhappy; ​leftalone and not ​cared for:She ​looked a forlorn ​figurestanding at the ​busstop. literary A forlorn ​placefeelsempty and ​sad:This forlorn ​industrialtown has very high ​unemployment.


  • forlorn adjective (UNLIKELY TO SUCCEED)

[before noun] very ​unlikely to be ​achieved or to ​succeed:Their only ​hope now is that the ​outsideworld will ​intervene but it is an ​increasingly forlorn hope.