Modal verbs writing exercise

Write positive statements, negative statements or questions from these prompts.

Example: It’s my wedding anniversary tomorrow (statement + should)

You should buy your partner a fantastic gift and take them out for a meal.

Now try writing these 10 from the prompts:

  1. “I have never been to Manchester Art Gallery, is it worth going?” (statement + ought to because)
  2. Ask me if I am able to ride a unicycle. (question + can/could)
  3. Ask me if you can have a chair. (question + may)
  4. “What time do I have to come to Mark’s class?” (statement + have to)
  5. “Do you know the weather forecast for tomorrow?” (statement + will)
  6. “Where should we go tonight?” (suggestion/question + shall)
  7. “Is it necessary to take an umbrella today?” (negative statement + need to)
  8.  Ask me if I have a pencil. (question + could)
  9. “What are you going to have for dinner?” (statement + might)
  10. “Can I drink beer in class?” (negative statement + must)
  11. “Do I need to do lots of homework?” (statement + ought to)
  12. “This work on modal verbs is very difficult.” (Suggestion/question + shall + we + easier)

POSSIBLE ANSWERS

  1. Yes, you ought to go because there are some interesting paintings there.

2. Can you ride a unicycle?

3. May I have a chair, please?

4. You have to come to Mark’s class at 9.15am.

5. I think it will be cloudy.

6. Shall we go to the cinema?

7. No, you don’t need to because it isn’t raining.

8. Could I borrow your pencil?

9. I might have pizza.

10. You mustn’t drink beer in class.

11. Yes, you ought to do lots of homework.

12. Shall we do something easier?

THIS WEEK’S PERSONALITY ADJECTIVES & PHRASES

reliable geek choosy
competitive down-to-earth moody
sociable particular about selfish
sensible punctual tight-fisted
a good laugh pull your weight ambitious
keep yourself to yourself independent determined
quiet hard-working a people-person
talkative cheeky extrovert
organised creative introvert
bossy energetic kind

Writing task: The Ideal Student

Use the 2nd person and describe the ideal student.

Use at least 8 of the adjectives and phrases.

Write at least one statement using:

must, should, don’t need to, ought to, have to, might, shall

 

 

 

 

You ought to learn how to use modals correctly

Now complete this quiz.

More Online exercises below

Level 1 – present tense verb revision

Present tenses:

Which of these situations go best with present simple & which go best with present continuous?

PERMANENT TEMPORARY HABIT JUST NOW
SELDOM OCCASIONALLY THESE DAYS, BUT NOT FOR LONG CLASS TIMES
SOMETHING YOU DO ONCE A YEAR NEVER AT THE MOMENT THE WEATHER TODAY
  1. ‘How do you prefer to study?’ ‘I _________ about the topic and ______ notes.
  2. ‘What languages ______________?’ ‘Chinese, Slovak and Spanish.’
  3. ‘Who _____________ that violin?’ (violin = musical instrument) ‘My wife.’
  4. ‘Your daughter’s very keen on keep fit, isn’t she?’ ‘Yes, _______ yoga and __________  spinning classes at the leisure centre.’ (spinning class = an exercise class)
  5. ‘Where is she now?’ ‘She _____________ weights in her bedroom.’ (weights = dumbbells – exercise equipment)
  6. ‘Who is  ______________ the saxophone in the flat upstairs? Do they ___________ every night? How do you _________?’ (saxophone = a musical instrument)
  7. ‘What’s that song ___________ upstairs?’ ‘I can’t hear it. Oh, yes, she _______________ to One Direction again. She ____________________ them every day. I really ____________ them!’
  8. ‘I know you like _____________ Arabic, but can we __________ in English in class, please?’
  9.  ‘Do you usually wear that hat?’ ‘No, it’s new, normally I _____________ a baseball cap like Ahmed’s. He usually ______________ that red MAGA red one, but today he _______________ a blue NIKE one.
  10. ‘What a lovely watch!’ ‘It ________________________ I’m afraid – it’s been broken for years.’
  11. ‘Could I use your phone?’ ‘I’m afraid it _________________________ at the moment.’

 

Repeated actions not around the moment of speaking: present simple.

Repeated actions around the moment of speaking: present continuous.

We use the present simple for events – things that happen one after another.

We use present continuous for background – things that are already happening when the story starts, or that continue through part of the story.

  • Write a 3 sentence story using both tenses & read it to your partner.

  • Instructions & directions – what tense do we use to write and give instructions?

  • We use present continuous for changing and developing situations

  • Write 3 sentences to illustrate this use of the present continuous.

The world’s population You Your English Prices
Pandas The company Nokia Teenagers The political situation in the UK
cities Us books athletes
Elderly people The USA traffic Autumn

3rd person singular.

  1. What is the most common way of making the 3rd person singular?
  2. What happens with words ending in vowel + y?
  3. What happens with words ending in consonant + y?
  4. After which consonants and groups of consonants do we add -es?
  5. Which two other common words add – es?

Write the third person singular of these verbs?

Box Brush Buy Complete
Cry Defend Deny Destroy
Excite Expect Fry Guess
Look Pray Reach Receive
Rush Spend Want watch

Verbs we don’t use with present continuous

Try to make sentences using these words in the present tense:

Believe Belong Contain Forget
Hate Like Love Matter
Need Own Prefer Realise
Remember Suppose Understand Want
 ‘see’, ‘hear’, ‘taste’, ‘smell’, ‘feel’ are verbs that describe senses. These verbs aren’t usually used in continuous forms. They are often used with ‘can’.
What is a stative verb in English grammar?
An example of a continuous tense is the present continuous or past continuous. These verbs are called stative, or state verbs. A verb which isn’t stative is called a dynamic verb, and is usually an action. Often stative verbs are about liking or disliking something, or about a mental state, not about an action.

Conjunctions and connectors – Level 2 – class notes

Objectives
1. Review quiz

2. Homework check – text meaning

3. Reading about linear and natural time

4. Conjunctions matching exercise

5. Conjunctions kahoots!

What is a discourse marker in English?
Discourse markers are words and phrases used in speaking and writing to ‘signpost’ discourse. Discourse markers do this by showing turns, joining ideas together, showing attitude, and generally controlling communication. Some people regard discourse markers as a feature of spoken language only.

adjective – English is important. Coming to class on time is important.

adverb – People shouldn’t stay on their phones for too long, more importantly young people shouldn’t even have phones. Ever!

more & most = comparative + superlative

I like ice cream, indeed it’s my favourite food.

British weather is not always amazing, in the case of the recent floods many people’s houses have been ruined.

I like ice cream, similarly I like cake.

I like ice cream, conversely I don’t like cake.

contrasting images:

Random other topics!

Winter storm names in the UK

2015–16 Abigail Barney Clodagh Desmond Eva Frank Gertrude Henry Imogen Jake Katie
Lawrence Mary Nigel Orla Phil Rhonda Steve Tegan Vernon Wendy

A film about drugs. Who are the intended audience?Is the primary purpose of this film informative or persuasive?

Today’s words:

conversely adverb [not gradable]

from a different and opposite way of looking at this:He was regarded either as too imitative to be considered originalor, conversely, as being overly original.

sarcasm noun [U]

the use of remarks that clearly mean the opposite of what they say, made in order to hurt someone’s feelings or to criticize something in a humorous way:“You have been working hard,” he said with heavy sarcasm, as he looked at the empty page.

Compare

 

Compare & Contrast – Things we find difficult – part 3

The difference between the verbs ‘to compare’ and ‘to contrast’ seems to have caused some heated debate. Probably more than it should. I’m not sure why. Perhaps it’s the perenial potato debate. Which do you prefer? Sweet potatoes or old fashioned regular potatoes? Or how about yams? Surely a discussion about potatoes couldn’t cause so much argument, could it?

Let’s look at the meaning of ‘to contrast’ first because it’s easier to understand:

contrast verb

C2 [ T ]to compare two people or things in order to show thedifferences between them:

If you contrast some of her early writing with her later work, you can see just how much she improved.

 

C2 [ I ]If one thing contrasts with another, it is very different from it:

The styles of the two film makers contrast quite dramatically.
The tartness of the lemons contrasts with the sweetness of the honey.
So the potatoes are rounder, and obviously, the sweet potatoes are ummm sweeter. I’m not doing very well here….
Cleveland Health Clinic explain that, “Sweet potatoes provide 400% of your daily requirement of vitamin A. They also have more vitamin C, fewer calories, more fibre and fewer total carbs than white potatoes, despite more sugar. But don’t forget white potatoes — they’re more versatile in cooking and less expensive.
So that’s the contrast sorted. Fine. We’re happy with that. One is usually white the other is usually orange. Contrast! Easy… So, to compare:

compare verb [ T ] (EXAMINE DIFFERENCES)

B1 to examine or look for the difference between two or more things:

If you compare house prices in the two areas, it’s quite amazing how different they are.
That seems expensive – have you compared prices in other shops?
Compare some recent work with your older stuff and you’ll see how much you’ve improved.
This road is quite busy compared to/with ours
But – we also use ‘to compare’ – to talk about similarities and to decide which thing is better. We can make chips out of potatoes and sweet potatoes; the taste is different but overall I prefer regular potatoes:

compare verb [ T ] (CONSIDER SIMILARITIES)

to judge, suggest, or consider that something is similar or of equal quality to something else:

The poet compares his lover’s tongue to a razor blade.
Still only 25, she has been compared to the greatest dancer of all time.
People compared her to Elizabeth Taylor.
You can’t compare the two cities – they’re totally different.

does not compare

 

If something or someone does not compare with something or someone else, the second thing is very much better than the first:

Instant coffee just doesn’t compare with freshly ground coffee.

compare favourably

 

If something compares favourably with something else, it is better than it:

The hotel certainly compared favourably with the one we stayed in last year.

I was getting used to the sun shining every day, but I guess I will have to get used to the rain again – Level 2

Online quizzes:

http://www.examenglish.com/grammar/used_to_would.htm

http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/usedto.html

https://www.englishclub.com/grammar/verbs-m_used_quiz.htm

https://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/115.html

http://www.esl-lounge.com/student/grammar/4g68-used-to-be-used-to.php

https://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/326.html

Class objectives:

  1. Use vague language

  2. Speculate about your classmates

  3. Used to and Would for past habits

  4. Get used to/getting used to

  5. Read about a relationship and suggest a solution to their problem

Can you speculate about why a man is planting a tree in the street at night time?

https://www.indy100.com/article/oxford-street-tree-london-mytreelondon-arrabella-neil-cornelius-7371621?utm_source=indy&utm_medium=top5&utm_campaign=i100

 

Half term break:

Half Term: Monday 24 October 2016 – Friday 28 October 2016

Classes Commence: Monday 31 October 2016

http://www.salfordcc.ac.uk/about/term-dates/

Be used to & get used to

Today’s words:

sibling noun [ C ]

C2 a brother or sister:

I have four siblings: three brothers and a sister.
There was great sibling rivalry (= competition) between Peter and his brother.

 

astrology noun [ U ]

the study of the movements and positions of the sun, moon,planets, and stars in the belief that they affect the character andlives of people

Latvian dancing:
 Book genres:
genres2 27002-genredescriptionpage
science fiction:
a prison cell:

active adjective (BUSY)

B1 busy with a particular activity:

You have to try to keep active as you grow older.

biography noun [ C or U ]

 

B1 the life story of a person written by someone else:

He wrote a biography of Winston Churchill.

Compare

mysterious adjective

B2 strange, not known, or notunderstood:

She’s an actress whose inner life hasremained mysterious, despite the many interviews she has given.
He died in mysteriouscircumstances, and there is still apossibility that it was murder.

apathetic adjective

showing no interest or energyand unwilling to take action,especially over somethingimportant:

Young people today are so apatheticabout politics.

conscientious adjective

C1 putting a lot of effort intoyour work:

a conscientious student

obsessed adjective

B2 unable to stop thinkingabout something; toointerested in or worried about something:

Why are people so obsessed withmoney?

speculate verb [ I ] (GUESS)

 

C2 to guess possible answersto a question when you do not have enough information to becertain:

I don’t know why she did it – I’m just speculating.
A spokesperson declined to speculateon the cause of the train crash.

Bad behaviour in primary schools – group discussion

Made with Padlet

Pupils’ real classroom behaviour caught on camera

The antics of a bright but occasionally disruptive nine-year-old during a reading lesson have been caught on camera.

Each year at least three weeks of teaching time is lost to low-level disruption of lessons by pupils in UK primary schools.

Parents of Year 4 children at a Leicester primary school were able to see how their children behave when cameras were placed in their classroom.

Maisy’s parents, teacher and head teacher reviewed the footage of her making two other pupils laugh during their lesson.

Talk in a group of 3 about examples of bad and good behaviour.

Bullying     /     Attacks on teachers       /     Graffiti      /     Smoking       /     Drinks and drungs

Stabbings       /     Gun crime      /    Vandalism

Image result for words to show active listening

Related image

Image result for words to show active listening

Image result for words to show active listening

Related image

Related image

Could you tell me when it might be a good idea to use indirect questions?

Objectives

  1. Indirect questions introduction
  2. Jigsaw reading exercise & writing summaries
  3. Student presentation number 1!!!!!
  4. Guess the emotion

Indirect vs Direct questions

Here is a Prezi presentation on the subject

http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/flatmates/episode46/languagepoint.shtml



http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/flatmates/episode46/languagepoint.shtml

http://www.espressoenglish.net/direct-and-indirect-questions-in-english/ 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/flatmates/episode46/languagepoint.shtml

http://www.espressoenglish.net/direct-and-indirect-questions-in-english/ Indirect questions quizzes

  1. http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/312.html
  2. http://www.eltbase.com/vtr_refs.php?id=61
  3. http://esl.about.com/library/quiz/bl_indirect.htm
  4. http://www.english-test.net/esl/learn/english/grammar/ii251/esl-test.php
  5. general grammar revision: New English File Advanced Online – grammar games & tests
  6. Memory test + text builder
  7. general grammar revision: Headway Upper-Intermediate Online

Indirect questions role-play

work in a group of 3.

Five very expensive paintings by Picasso, Michelangelo, Rembrant and Warhol have been stolen. Two detectives are going to interview the director of the art gallery about the incident.

One of the detectives is a ‘good cop’ and does not want to upset the famous director, the other detective is the ‘bad cop’ and doesn’t care. The bad cop leads the interview and asks direct questions. The good cop will then re-phrase every question as an indirect question.

At the end – the 2 cops decide if they think the director is guilty or not.

What is she like?
When we ask ‘What is she like?’, we are asking about her personality/character. ‘She is tall’ is not a good answer to this question because ‘tall’ is used to describe appearance.7 Jul 2008

Level 2 – getting to know you questions – present perfect & past simple review

Use past tense verbs to make and answer questions about your life experience.

Level 2 Group 2 wrote and asked each other questions about their lives.

  • Can you spot any grammatical errors in these questions?
  • Do the questions make sense?
  • Can you give a sensible answer to these questions?
  • How do they sound when you say them aloud?
  • Could these questions be asked more simply?
  • Could they be made more interesting with the addition of a secondary question?
  • If you think there is a problem with one of these questions, can you write it differently?
  1. Can you tell me about where you grew up?
  2. What is the most important life lesson you have learnt?
  3. What was the last interesting news you heard recently?
  4. Can you tell me something interesting news you heard recently?
  5. What is the most interesting lesson and best teacher at school?
  6. Have you learned English before you came to the UK?
  7. How fast did you get progress in learning English?
  8. How often do you hear news. From radio or T.V.?
  9. How often do you read newspaper?
  10. What the most fritining thing you have ever felt?
  11. Could you tell me how long you’ve had your phone or computer?
  12. When did you do your school reports and grades?
  13. Have you ever done your school reports and grades?
  14. Could you tell me a place you have never been to but would love to visit?
  15. Did you remember the last big party or celebration you went to?
  16. How long have you been studying English, and whether you’re satisfied with your progress?
  17. What was the best meal you’ve ever to had or restaurant you’ve eaten in?
  18. Who’s you have just met?
  19. What did you remember about your first day at school?
  20. How long had you had a car when you were in your country?
  21. Have you ever tried an activity? But would like to?
  22. Which kind of activity you have not been tried?
  23. Which place have you never been visited?
  24. Did you have any plans for the next 12 months?
  25. How long have you been lived in your present home?
  26. What do you remember from your first or last English lesson?
  27. How long you have known your best friend?
  28. What is the most interesting lesson you’ve studied at school?
  29. Can you tell me what you remember about learning to swim?
  30. Have you already made plans for the next 12 months?
  31. Can you please tell me what have you done last Christmas?
  32. What place have you been going a lot recently?
  33. For how long your country has been independent or existed?
  34. What was your favourite childhood toy and TV programme?
  35. Have you eaten the best meal you have ever had?
  36. Have you met your best friend on carnival?

 

Past tense questions – online exercises:

Advanced Grammar | Past Tense Exercise | esl-lounge Student

How to learn any language in six months – Level 2

How to learn any language in six months | Chris Lonsdale | TEDxLingnanUniversity

after the video we will be having a discussion

read a transcript of the talk here

as you watch – write down 10 words/short phrases from this video

  • these can be words or phrases you don’t understand
  • or things that: you found interesting; disagreed with; surprised you; made you think; thought were idiotic!
  • or things that you’d like talk more about with your group

Continue reading “How to learn any language in six months – Level 2”