Which of these situations go best with present simple & which go best with present continuous?
||THESE DAYS, BUT NOT FOR LONG
|SOMETHING YOU DO ONCE A YEAR
||AT THE MOMENT
||THE WEATHER TODAY
- ‘How do you prefer to study?’ ‘I _________ about the topic and ______ notes.
- ‘What languages ______________?’ ‘Chinese, Slovak and Spanish.’
- ‘Who _____________ that violin?’ (violin = musical instrument) ‘My wife.’
- ‘Your daughter’s very keen on keep fit, isn’t she?’ ‘Yes, _______ yoga and __________ spinning classes at the leisure centre.’ (spinning class = an exercise class)
- ‘Where is she now?’ ‘She _____________ weights in her bedroom.’ (weights = dumbbells – exercise equipment)
- ‘Who is ______________ the saxophone in the flat upstairs? Do they ___________ every night? How do you _________?’ (saxophone = a musical instrument)
- ‘What’s that song ___________ upstairs?’ ‘I can’t hear it. Oh, yes, she _______________ to One Direction again. She ____________________ them every day. I really ____________ them!’
- ‘I know you like _____________ Arabic, but can we __________ in English in class, please?’
- ‘Do you usually wear that hat?’ ‘No, it’s new, normally I _____________ a baseball cap like Ahmed’s. He usually ______________ that red MAGA red one, but today he _______________ a blue NIKE one.
- ‘What a lovely watch!’ ‘It ________________________ I’m afraid – it’s been broken for years.’
- ‘Could I use your phone?’ ‘I’m afraid it _________________________ at the moment.’
Repeated actions not around the moment of speaking: present simple.
Repeated actions around the moment of speaking: present continuous.
We use the present simple for events – things that happen one after another.
We use present continuous for background – things that are already happening when the story starts, or that continue through part of the story.
Write a 3 sentence story using both tenses & read it to your partner.
Instructions & directions – what tense do we use to write and give instructions?
We use present continuous for changing and developing situations
Write 3 sentences to illustrate this use of the present continuous.
|The world’s population
||The company Nokia
||The political situation in the UK
3rd person singular.
- What is the most common way of making the 3rd person singular?
- What happens with words ending in vowel + y?
- What happens with words ending in consonant + y?
- After which consonants and groups of consonants do we add -es?
- Which two other common words add – es?
Write the third person singular of these verbs?
Verbs we don’t use with present continuous
Try to make sentences using these words in the present tense:
‘see’, ‘hear’, ‘taste’, ‘smell’, ‘feel’ are verbs that describe senses. These verbsaren’t usually used in continuous forms. They are often used with ‘can’.
What is a stative verb in English grammar?
An example of a continuous tense is the present continuous or past continuous. These verbs are called stative, or state verbs. A verb which isn’t stative is called a dynamic verb, and is usually an action. Often stative verbs are about liking or disliking something, or about a mental state, not about an action.
Use past tense verbs to make and answer questions about your life experience.
Level 2 Group 2 wrote and asked each other questions about their lives.
- Can you spot any grammatical errors in these questions?
- Do the questions make sense?
- Can you give a sensible answer to these questions?
- How do they sound when you say them aloud?
- Could these questions be asked more simply?
- Could they be made more interesting with the addition of a secondary question?
- If you think there is a problem with one of these questions, can you write it differently?
- Can you tell me about where you grew up?
- What is the most important life lesson you have learnt?
- What was the last interesting news you heard recently?
- Can you tell me something interesting news you heard recently?
- What is the most interesting lesson and best teacher at school?
- Have you learned English before you came to the UK?
- How fast did you get progress in learning English?
- How often do you hear news. From radio or T.V.?
- How often do you read newspaper?
- What the most fritining thing you have ever felt?
- Could you tell me how long you’ve had your phone or computer?
- When did you do your school reports and grades?
- Have you ever done your school reports and grades?
- Could you tell me a place you have never been to but would love to visit?
- Did you remember the last big party or celebration you went to?
- How long have you been studying English, and whether you’re satisfied with your progress?
- What was the best meal you’ve ever to had or restaurant you’ve eaten in?
- Who’s you have just met?
- What did you remember about your first day at school?
- How long had you had a car when you were in your country?
- Have you ever tried an activity? But would like to?
- Which kind of activity you have not been tried?
- Which place have you never been visited?
- Did you have any plans for the next 12 months?
- How long have you been lived in your present home?
- What do you remember from your first or last English lesson?
- How long you have known your best friend?
- What is the most interesting lesson you’ve studied at school?
- Can you tell me what you remember about learning to swim?
- Have you already made plans for the next 12 months?
- Can you please tell me what have you done last Christmas?
- What place have you been going a lot recently?
- For how long your country has been independent or existed?
- What was your favourite childhood toy and TV programme?
- Have you eaten the best meal you have ever had?
- Have you met your best friend on carnival?
Past tense questions – online exercises:
Advanced Grammar | Past Tense Exercise | esl-lounge Student