Modal verbs writing exercise

Write positive statements, negative statements or questions from these prompts.

Example: It’s my wedding anniversary tomorrow (statement + should)

You should buy your partner a fantastic gift and take them out for a meal.

Now try writing these 10 from the prompts:

  1. “I have never been to Manchester Art Gallery, is it worth going?” (statement + ought to because)
  2. Ask me if I am able to ride a unicycle. (question + can/could)
  3. Ask me if you can have a chair. (question + may)
  4. “What time do I have to come to Mark’s class?” (statement + have to)
  5. “Do you know the weather forecast for tomorrow?” (statement + will)
  6. “Where should we go tonight?” (suggestion/question + shall)
  7. “Is it necessary to take an umbrella today?” (negative statement + need to)
  8.  Ask me if I have a pencil. (question + could)
  9. “What are you going to have for dinner?” (statement + might)
  10. “Can I drink beer in class?” (negative statement + must)
  11. “Do I need to do lots of homework?” (statement + ought to)
  12. “This work on modal verbs is very difficult.” (Suggestion/question + shall + we + easier)

POSSIBLE ANSWERS

  1. Yes, you ought to go because there are some interesting paintings there.

2. Can you ride a unicycle?

3. May I have a chair, please?

4. You have to come to Mark’s class at 9.15am.

5. I think it will be cloudy.

6. Shall we go to the cinema?

7. No, you don’t need to because it isn’t raining.

8. Could I borrow your pencil?

9. I might have pizza.

10. You mustn’t drink beer in class.

11. Yes, you ought to do lots of homework.

12. Shall we do something easier?

THIS WEEK’S PERSONALITY ADJECTIVES & PHRASES

reliable geek choosy
competitive down-to-earth moody
sociable particular about selfish
sensible punctual tight-fisted
a good laugh pull your weight ambitious
keep yourself to yourself independent determined
quiet hard-working a people-person
talkative cheeky extrovert
organised creative introvert
bossy energetic kind

Writing task: The Ideal Student

Use the 2nd person and describe the ideal student.

Use at least 8 of the adjectives and phrases.

Write at least one statement using:

must, should, don’t need to, ought to, have to, might, shall

 

 

 

 

You ought to learn how to use modals correctly

Now complete this quiz.

More Online exercises below

Level 2 – discussion – are people reading less nowadays?

Today’s objectives

  1. Icebreakers

  2. College induction

  3. The Proust Questionnaire

  4. Writing diagnostic

  5. Group discussion & Padlet

Look up these words in a dictionary. Discuss the meaning with your colleagues & use these words to write sentences:

trait (noun)
extravagance (noun)
an overrated virtue
despise (verb)
quality (noun)
phrases
talent (noun)
most treasured possession
the lowest depth
to value (verb)
to identify with (verb)
regret (noun)
motto (noun)

Interesting facts about Level 2 Group 2:

Saadaya is a DIY expert.

Abdelmonem is very worried about global warming.

Haifaa doesn’t like pop music.

Simon’s least favourite type of holiday is going to a festival in London.

The most interesting place that Genet has been to is Switzerland.

Hassan and Yohannes’ most exciting film is The Big Stan.

Why is coming to college like having a job?

You have to give your time in a job and you get money; when you spend your time at college you get knowledge.

You need to attend and you need to be on time.

In both instances you can meet new people and get new experiences.

You can expand your horizons.

expand one’s horizons

Fig. to experience and learn new things. Read more! Travel! Go out and expand your horizons!
See also: expandhorizon

What sort of class do you want?

Think about homework; online exercises, apps, using mobiles in class and using dictionaries and translation apps.

Group 1 like homework: tests and writing. Group 3 disagree because if you do it at home you might cheat and copy online. “If you don’t do it, you’re cheating yourself.”

Martin likes to use phone translation because he can find things quickly.

How do you study best? What are your top study tips?

For example: how do you make a note of new vocabulary and grammar. How do you remember things? Where do you work best? When do you work best?

Today’s words:

Trait: honesty is one of Genet’s best traits.

[ U ] behaviour in which you spend more money than you need to:

think she was shocked by my extravagance.

[ C ] something expensive that you buy even though you do not need it:

Perfume is my greatest extravagance.
 a virtue –  a good characteristic or behaviour
overrated – overvalued.
Titanic is very overrated. Getting up early is an overrated virtue.
Despise – Some Man Utd fans despise Liverpool fans.
Quality – The quality of that product is not good.
Eden Hazard has a lot of talent.
My most treasured possession is the medal my grandfather gave me 30 years ago.
The lowest depth of the Ethiopian lake 1500 metres down.
The Estate Agent valued my home at £240,000.

identify sb/sth with sth

— phrasal verb with identify 

to believe that someone or something is closely connected orinvolved with something:

regret – I regret not buying Bitcoin 8 years because now I would be a millionaire.

motto noun [ C ]

 plural mottos or mottoes

Her motto is “Work hard, play hard”.

Made with Padlet

Level 1 & 2 – Last minute Reading exam revision crib sheet

Here are a bunch of question types that have turned up on the C&G Reading exam paper. The sort of questions you can expect to see in the exam.

  1. What is the meaning of the word flubalub… ? Use. See – using context clues – https://macmillanmh.com/ccssreading/treasures/grade6/ccslh_g6_lv_8_3b.html

In the context of the text what does flubalub… mean in the text? – use the dictionary BUT DON’T JUST READ THE 1ST MEANING – words mean different things. The examining board are trying to test you (obviously!)

  1. What is the purpose of the document? See – https://www.bbc.com/education/guides/zqx8hv4/revision
  2. What is the key theme/focus of the last paragraph? The key point of the paragraph is … ‘The writer highlights the impact of … : See – http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/guides/z398d2p/revision
  3. Which textual features are used in this text? See – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3mAl9QMJJTo
  4. What is an appropriate heading for the 3rd paragraph? What is an appropriate title for the text? See – http://www.ieltsbuddy.com/paragraph-headings.html

In order to do this type of task well you must understand the gist, or main ideas, of each paragraph. These tips will help you do this task well.

  • First read all of the headings.
  • Then read the paragraphs carefully and match the ones you are sure about.
  • If you are not sure about one, leave it and move on to the next one. You may be able to match up ones you are not sure about by elimination at the end.
  • Be careful with extra options, e.g. six headings to match with four paragraphs. There will be two headings you don’t need.
  1. The final paragraph has been written in 1st, 2nd, 3rd singular/plural? See – http://study.com/academy/lesson/point-of-view-first-second-third-person.html#lesson
  2. The register/tone of the text is? / The language in the text is (Formal, polite, facetious, technical) See – https://writerswrite.co.za/155-words-to-describe-an-authors-tone/
  3. What is the perspective of the author? See – https://www.thatquiz.org/tq/practicetest?4y393q0w5n5i & http://www.mpsaz.org/rmre/grades/grade5/homework_help/files/authors_purpose_and_perspective2.pdf
  4. What discourse markers are used in this text? See – http://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/discourse-markers/discourse-markers-so-right-okay
  5. Why is there a paragraph break between 3 and 4? See – http://www.saidsimple.com/content/100835/
  6. Text type – see – http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/guides/z97mxnb/revision
  7. The content of the text is: biased, factual, fictional, first hand, detached. See – Objective information does not vary, whereas subjective information can vary greatly from person to person or day to day. Subjectivity can actually be wrong, or far from the truth, whereas objectivity means being as close to the truth as possible.12 Jun 2014

Objective vs Subjective Writing: Understanding the Difference

https://blog.udemy.com/objective-vs-subjective/

Search for: What does it mean to be objective

  1. Inverted commas/speechmarks, commas, apostrophes. See – http://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/ks2/english/spelling_grammar/punctuation/read/1/ & http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/guides/zqsyvcw/revision/4
  2. Colons & semi-colons   http://www.colonsemicolon.com/
  3. What does you/it/he refer to? See – https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/pronouns
Purpose of text questions:

describe

advertise

explain

persuade

enterain

inform

instruct

advertise

entertain

warn

sell

show

give instructions/advice

offer help/advice

to show how/why

 

Type of text questions:

Letter (formal/informal)

Leaflet (information or advertisement)

Pamphlet

Set of instructions

Email (formal/informal)

Poster

Advertisement

Text message

Article (any published text)

Timetable

Invitation

Webpage

Sign (danger/road/shop/school etc… can be an image too!)

Certificate

Form

Guide (travel, tourist, grammar…)

Reference book (dictionary, atlas, thesaurus)

Questions about images:

Logo

Sign (can also be a type of text)

Diagram

Photograph

Graph

Illustration

Drawing

 

Language questions:

Scientific

Descriptive

Instructive

Persuasive

Informative

Informal

Formal

Humorous

Aggressive

Features of text:

Bullet points                 Block capitals

Images (see above)     Internet links/web icon

Text box                        Bold text

Columns                       Italics

Headings                     Subheadings

Numbers                     Captions

What have your ancestors bequeathed to you? – Level 2 – 31st October 2016

Objectives

  1. American vs British English warmer

  2. Vocabulary review from before half term

  3. National news: the child refugees in Calais

  4. The history of Venice

  5. Francesco’s Venice video & listening

  6. Listening to a woman talk about a family heirloom

  7. Writing about an object of significance for you

1. American English quizzes (just for fun):

http://esl.about.com/qz/British-or-American-Quiz

http://www.funtrivia.com/playquiz/quiz113979d0e8b0.html

2. Vocabulary review – take a test here – it’s  very difficult!!!

here is the list: Level 2 October 2016 words

here is the test: http://dictionary.cambridge.org/mydictionary/wordlist/1250156/test

3. You need to start reading and understanding more about International and National news. Read about the child refugees in Calais and try to understand the different points of view. Think about opinions and facts:

here in the Daily Mail: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3850840/Third-batch-child-migrants-begin-journey-Calais-Jungle-UK-Home-Office-admit-two-thirds-past-children-lied-age-officials.html 

here in the Guardian: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/oct/28/fears-for-calais-refugee-camp-children-who-were-bound-for-the-uk

here on the BBC website: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-37654552

4. The history of Venice:

more information here:http://tours-italy.com/venice-tours/venice-travel-guide/history/

5. Francesco’s Venice:

6. A gramophone:

Today’s words:

http://dictionary.cambridge.org/mydictionary/wordlist/1762906 – including bequeath & ancestor.