Definition, explanation, explanatory videos & online quizzes!
Write positive statements, negative statements or questions from these prompts.
Example: It’s my wedding anniversary tomorrow (statement + should)
You should buy your partner a fantastic gift and take them out for a meal.
Now try writing these 10 from the prompts:
2. Can you ride a unicycle?
3. May I have a chair, please?
4. You have to come to Mark’s class at 9.15am.
5. I think it will be cloudy.
6. Shall we go to the cinema?
7. No, you don’t need to because it isn’t raining.
8. Could I borrow your pencil?
9. I might have pizza.
10. You mustn’t drink beer in class.
11. Yes, you ought to do lots of homework.
12. Shall we do something easier?
THIS WEEK’S PERSONALITY ADJECTIVES & PHRASES
|a good laugh||pull your weight||ambitious|
|keep yourself to yourself||independent||determined|
Writing task: The Ideal Student
Use the 2nd person and describe the ideal student.
Use at least 8 of the adjectives and phrases.
Write at least one statement using:
must, should, don’t need to, ought to, have to, might, shall
Which of these situations go best with present simple & which go best with present continuous?
|SELDOM||OCCASIONALLY||THESE DAYS, BUT NOT FOR LONG||CLASS TIMES|
|SOMETHING YOU DO ONCE A YEAR||NEVER||AT THE MOMENT||THE WEATHER TODAY|
Repeated actions not around the moment of speaking: present simple.
Repeated actions around the moment of speaking: present continuous.
We use the present simple for events – things that happen one after another.
We use present continuous for background – things that are already happening when the story starts, or that continue through part of the story.
|The world’s population||You||Your English||Prices|
|Pandas||The company Nokia||Teenagers||The political situation in the UK|
|Elderly people||The USA||traffic||Autumn|
Try to make sentences using these words in the present tense:
adjective – English is important. Coming to class on time is important.
adverb – People shouldn’t stay on their phones for too long, more importantly young people shouldn’t even have phones. Ever!
more & most = comparative + superlative
I like ice cream, indeed it’s my favourite food.
British weather is not always amazing, in the case of the recent floods many people’s houses have been ruined.
I like ice cream, similarly I like cake.
I like ice cream, conversely I don’t like cake.
A film about drugs. Who are the intended audience?Is the primary purpose of this film informative or persuasive?
Let’s look at the meaning of ‘to contrast’ first because it’s easier to understand:
does not compare
Marriage statistics & differences around the world
Do a cost benefits analysis of:
We use the conjunction whereas to indicate a contrast between two facts or ideas:
He loves foreign holidays, whereas his wife prefers to stay at home.
Whereas most new PCs have several USB slots, older ones often only had one.
Whereas means the same as while in sentences expressing contrasts. It does not mean the same as while when while refers to time:
The south has a hot, dry climate, whereas/while the north has a milder, wetter climate.
The secretary took care of my appointments while I was away from the office.
whereas I was away from the office.
In spite of and despite are prepositional expressions.
In spite of and despite have a similar meaning to although or even though. They express a contrast between two things. They are both more common in writing than in speaking. Despite is a little more formal than in spite of.
We usually use in spite of and despite with a noun:
He got the job in spite of his prison record.
[recession is a time when the economy of a country is not good]
John’s company is doing extremely well despite the recession.
We can also use in spite of and despite with –ing:
He was very fast in spite of being terribly overweight.
They arrived late despite leaving in plenty of time.
We don’t use a that-clause after in spite of or despite. We use in spite of the fact that or despite the fact that:
When they arrived at Malaga it was hot, in spite of the fact that it was only the end of April.
in spite of that it was only the end of April
In spite of is written as three separate words. We never use of with despite:
They enjoyed the rides in spite of the long queues. (or … despite the long queues.)
inspite the long queuesor … despite of the long queues.
Here are a bunch of question types that have turned up on the C&G Reading exam paper. The sort of questions you can expect to see in the exam.
In the context of the text what does flubalub… mean in the text? – use the dictionary BUT DON’T JUST READ THE 1ST MEANING – words mean different things. The examining board are trying to test you (obviously!)
In order to do this type of task well you must understand the gist, or main ideas, of each paragraph. These tips will help you do this task well.
Search for: What does it mean to be objective
|Purpose of text questions:
to show how/why
|Type of text questions:
Leaflet (information or advertisement)
Set of instructions
Article (any published text)
Sign (danger/road/shop/school etc… can be an image too!)
Guide (travel, tourist, grammar…)
Reference book (dictionary, atlas, thesaurus)
|Questions about images:
Sign (can also be a type of text)
|Features of text:
Bullet points Block capitals
Images (see above) Internet links/web icon
Text box Bold text