Level 2 – present tense verb revision

Present tenses:

Which of these situations go best with present simple & which go best with present continuous?

PERMANENT TEMPORARY HABIT JUST NOW
SELDOM OCCASIONALLY THESE DAYS, BUT NOT FOR LONG CLASS TIMES
SOMETHING YOU DO ONCE A YEAR NEVER AT THE MOMENT THE WEATHER TODAY
  1. ‘How do you prefer to study?’ ‘I _________ about the topic and ______ notes.
  2. ‘What languages ______________?’ ‘Chinese, Slovak and Spanish.’
  3. ‘Who _____________ that violin?’ (violin = musical instrument) ‘My wife.’
  4. ‘Your daughter’s very keen on keep fit, isn’t she?’ ‘Yes, _______ yoga and __________  spinning classes at the leisure centre.’ (spinning class = an exercise class)
  5. ‘Where is she now?’ ‘She _____________ weights in her bedroom.’ (weights = dumbbells – exercise equipment)
  6. ‘Who is  ______________ the saxophone in the flat upstairs? Do they ___________ every night? How do you _________?’ (saxophone = a musical instrument)
  7. ‘What’s that song ___________ upstairs?’ ‘I can’t hear it. Oh, yes, she _______________ to One Direction again. She ____________________ them every day. I really ____________ them!’
  8. ‘I know you like _____________ Arabic, but can we __________ in English in class, please?’
  9.  ‘Do you usually wear that hat?’ ‘No, it’s new, normally I _____________ a baseball cap like Ahmed’s. He usually ______________ that red MAGA red one, but today he _______________ a blue NIKE one.
  10. ‘What a lovely watch!’ ‘It ________________________ I’m afraid – it’s been broken for years.’
  11. ‘Could I use your phone?’ ‘I’m afraid it _________________________ at the moment.’

 

Repeated actions not around the moment of speaking: present simple.

Repeated actions around the moment of speaking: present continuous.

We use the present simple for events – things that happen one after another.

We use present continuous for background – things that are already happening when the story starts, or that continue through part of the story.

  • Write a 3 sentence story using both tenses & read it to your partner.

  • Instructions & directions – what tense do we use to write and give instructions?

  • We use present continuous for changing and developing situations

  • Write 3 sentences to illustrate this use of the present continuous.

The world’s population You Your English Prices
Pandas The company Nokia Teenagers The political situation in the UK
cities Us books athletes
Elderly people The USA traffic Autumn

3rd person singular.

  1. What is the most common way of making the 3rd person singular?
  2. What happens with words ending in vowel + y?
  3. What happens with words ending in consonant + y?
  4. After which consonants and groups of consonants do we add -es?
  5. Which two other common words add – es?

Write the third person singular of these verbs?

Box Brush Buy Complete
Cry Defend Deny Destroy
Excite Expect Fry Guess
Look Pray Reach Receive
Rush Spend Want watch

Verbs we don’t use with present continuous

Try to make sentences using these words in the present tense:

Believe Belong Contain Forget
Hate Like Love Matter
Need Own Prefer Realise
Remember Suppose Understand Want
 ‘see’, ‘hear’, ‘taste’, ‘smell’, ‘feel’ are verbs that describe senses. These verbsaren’t usually used in continuous forms. They are often used with ‘can’.
What is a stative verb in English grammar?
An example of a continuous tense is the present continuous or past continuous. These verbs are called stative, or state verbs. A verb which isn’t stative is called a dynamic verb, and is usually an action. Often stative verbs are about liking or disliking something, or about a mental state, not about an action.
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Level 2 – Could you tell me when it might be a good idea to use indirect questions?

Objectives

  1. Indirect questions introduction
  2. Jigsaw reading exercise & writing summaries
  3. Student presentation number 1!!!!!
  4. Guess the emotion

Indirect vs Direct questions

Here is a Prezi presentation on the subject

http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/flatmates/episode46/languagepoint.shtml



http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/flatmates/episode46/languagepoint.shtml

http://www.espressoenglish.net/direct-and-indirect-questions-in-english/ 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/flatmates/episode46/languagepoint.shtml

http://www.espressoenglish.net/direct-and-indirect-questions-in-english/ Indirect questions quizzes

  1. http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/312.html
  2. http://www.eltbase.com/vtr_refs.php?id=61
  3. http://esl.about.com/library/quiz/bl_indirect.htm
  4. http://www.english-test.net/esl/learn/english/grammar/ii251/esl-test.php
  5. general grammar revision: New English File Advanced Online – grammar games & tests
  6. Memory test + text builder
  7. general grammar revision: Headway Upper-Intermediate Online

Indirect questions role-play

work in a group of 3.

Five very expensive paintings by Picasso, Michelangelo, Rembrant and Warhol have been stolen. Two detectives are going to interview the director of the art gallery about the incident.

One of the detectives is a ‘good cop’ and does not want to upset the famous director, the other detective is the ‘bad cop’ and doesn’t care. The bad cop leads the interview and asks direct questions. The good cop will then re-phrase every question as an indirect question.

At the end – the 2 cops decide if they think the director is guilty or not.

What is she like?
When we ask ‘What is she like?’, we are asking about her personality/character. ‘She is tall’ is not a good answer to this question because ‘tall’ is used to describe appearance.7 Jul 2008

Level 2 – getting to know you questions – present perfect & past simple review

Use past tense verbs to make and answer questions about your life experience.

Level 2 Group 2 wrote and asked each other questions about their lives.

  • Can you spot any grammatical errors in these questions?
  • Do the questions make sense?
  • Can you give a sensible answer to these questions?
  • How do they sound when you say them aloud?
  • Could these questions be asked more simply?
  • Could they be made more interesting with the addition of a secondary question?
  • If you think there is a problem with one of these questions, can you write it differently?
  1. Can you tell me about where you grew up?
  2. What is the most important life lesson you have learnt?
  3. What was the last interesting news you heard recently?
  4. Can you tell me something interesting news you heard recently?
  5. What is the most interesting lesson and best teacher at school?
  6. Have you learned English before you came to the UK?
  7. How fast did you get progress in learning English?
  8. How often do you hear news. From radio or T.V.?
  9. How often do you read newspaper?
  10. What the most fritining thing you have ever felt?
  11. Could you tell me how long you’ve had your phone or computer?
  12. When did you do your school reports and grades?
  13. Have you ever done your school reports and grades?
  14. Could you tell me a place you have never been to but would love to visit?
  15. Did you remember the last big party or celebration you went to?
  16. How long have you been studying English, and whether you’re satisfied with your progress?
  17. What was the best meal you’ve ever to had or restaurant you’ve eaten in?
  18. Who’s you have just met?
  19. What did you remember about your first day at school?
  20. How long had you had a car when you were in your country?
  21. Have you ever tried an activity? But would like to?
  22. Which kind of activity you have not been tried?
  23. Which place have you never been visited?
  24. Did you have any plans for the next 12 months?
  25. How long have you been lived in your present home?
  26. What do you remember from your first or last English lesson?
  27. How long you have known your best friend?
  28. What is the most interesting lesson you’ve studied at school?
  29. Can you tell me what you remember about learning to swim?
  30. Have you already made plans for the next 12 months?
  31. Can you please tell me what have you done last Christmas?
  32. What place have you been going a lot recently?
  33. For how long your country has been independent or existed?
  34. What was your favourite childhood toy and TV programme?
  35. Have you eaten the best meal you have ever had?
  36. Have you met your best friend on carnival?

 

Past tense questions – online exercises:

Advanced Grammar | Past Tense Exercise | esl-lounge Student

How to learn any language in six months – Level 2

How to learn any language in six months | Chris Lonsdale | TEDxLingnanUniversity

after the video we will be having a discussion

read a transcript of the talk here

as you watch – write down 10 words/short phrases from this video

  • these can be words or phrases you don’t understand
  • or things that: you found interesting; disagreed with; surprised you; made you think; thought were idiotic!
  • or things that you’d like talk more about with your group

Continue reading “How to learn any language in six months – Level 2”

Level 2 – discussion – are people reading less nowadays?

Today’s objectives

  1. Icebreakers

  2. College induction

  3. The Proust Questionnaire

  4. Writing diagnostic

  5. Group discussion & Padlet

Look up these words in a dictionary. Discuss the meaning with your colleagues & use these words to write sentences:

trait (noun)
extravagance (noun)
an overrated virtue
despise (verb)
quality (noun)
phrases
talent (noun)
most treasured possession
the lowest depth
to value (verb)
to identify with (verb)
regret (noun)
motto (noun)

Interesting facts about Level 2 Group 2:

Saadaya is a DIY expert.

Abdelmonem is very worried about global warming.

Haifaa doesn’t like pop music.

Simon’s least favourite type of holiday is going to a festival in London.

The most interesting place that Genet has been to is Switzerland.

Hassan and Yohannes’ most exciting film is The Big Stan.

Why is coming to college like having a job?

You have to give your time in a job and you get money; when you spend your time at college you get knowledge.

You need to attend and you need to be on time.

In both instances you can meet new people and get new experiences.

You can expand your horizons.

expand one’s horizons

Fig. to experience and learn new things. Read more! Travel! Go out and expand your horizons!
See also: expandhorizon

What sort of class do you want?

Think about homework; online exercises, apps, using mobiles in class and using dictionaries and translation apps.

Group 1 like homework: tests and writing. Group 3 disagree because if you do it at home you might cheat and copy online. “If you don’t do it, you’re cheating yourself.”

Martin likes to use phone translation because he can find things quickly.

How do you study best? What are your top study tips?

For example: how do you make a note of new vocabulary and grammar. How do you remember things? Where do you work best? When do you work best?

Today’s words:

Trait: honesty is one of Genet’s best traits.

[ U ] behaviour in which you spend more money than you need to:

think she was shocked by my extravagance.

[ C ] something expensive that you buy even though you do not need it:

Perfume is my greatest extravagance.
 a virtue –  a good characteristic or behaviour
overrated – overvalued.
Titanic is very overrated. Getting up early is an overrated virtue.
Despise – Some Man Utd fans despise Liverpool fans.
Quality – The quality of that product is not good.
Eden Hazard has a lot of talent.
My most treasured possession is the medal my grandfather gave me 30 years ago.
The lowest depth of the Ethiopian lake 1500 metres down.
The Estate Agent valued my home at £240,000.

identify sb/sth with sth

— phrasal verb with identify 

to believe that someone or something is closely connected orinvolved with something:

regret – I regret not buying Bitcoin 8 years because now I would be a millionaire.

motto noun [ C ]

 plural mottos or mottoes

Her motto is “Work hard, play hard”.

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