1. Review quiz
2. Homework check – text meaning
3. Reading about linear and natural time
4. Conjunctions matching exercise
5. Conjunctions kahoots!
What is a discourse marker in English?
Discourse markers are words and phrases used in speaking and writing to ‘signpost’ discourse. Discourse markers do this by showing turns, joining ideas together, showing attitude, and generally controlling communication. Some people regard discourse markers as a feature of spoken language only.
adjective – English is important. Coming to class on time is important.
adverb – People shouldn’t stay on their phones for too long, more importantly young people shouldn’t even have phones. Ever!
more & most = comparative + superlative
I like ice cream, indeed it’s my favourite food.
British weather is not always amazing, in the case of the recent floods many people’s houses have been ruined.
I like ice cream, similarly I like cake.
I like ice cream, conversely I don’t like cake.
Random other topics!
Winter storm names in the UK
A film about drugs. Who are the intended audience?Is the primary purpose of this film informative or persuasive?
The difference between the verbs ‘to compare’ and ‘to contrast’ seems to have caused some heated debate. Probably more than it should. I’m not sure why. Perhaps it’s the perenial potato debate. Which do you prefer? Sweet potatoes or old fashioned regular potatoes? Or how about yams? Surely a discussion about potatoes couldn’t cause so much argument, could it?
Let’s look at the meaning of ‘to contrast’ first because it’s easier to understand:
C2 [ I ]If one thing contrasts with another, it is very different from it:
So the potatoes are rounder, and obviously, the sweet potatoes are ummm sweeter. I’m not doing very well here….
Cleveland Health Clinic explain that, “Sweet potatoes provide 400% of your daily requirement of vitamin A. They also have more vitamin C, fewer calories, more fibre and fewer total carbs than white potatoes, despite more sugar. But don’t forget white potatoes — they’re more versatile in cooking and less expensive.“
So that’s the contrast sorted. Fine. We’re happy with that. One is usually white the other is usually orange. Contrast! Easy… So, to compare:
But – we also use ‘to compare’ – to talk about similarities and to decide which thing is better. We can make chips out of potatoes and sweet potatoes; the taste is different but overall I prefer regular potatoes:
compare verb [ T ] (CONSIDER SIMILARITIES)
does not compare
If something or someone does not compare with something or someone else, the second thing is very much better than the first: