“An apple a day keeps the doctor away” Entry 3 Group 2 – class notes – 27th January 2016

The meaning of an idiom is different from the actual meaning of the words used. “An apple a day keeps the doctor away” is a proverb. Proverbs are old but familiar sayings that usually give advice. Both idioms and proverbs are part of our daily speech.


  1. National proverbs and idioms in other languages

  2. Progress test

  3. Homework

  4. Used to – what did you used to do

  5. Abdulmonem’s presentation on the 20th century and listening to Tina Charles for the first time  

  6. So that and ‘so’.

 So and so that

Alice got up at 5:00 A.M., so that she could drive her son to school.
Alice got up at 5:00 A.M., so she could drive her son to school.

If you are wondering about the difference between the two sentences, the first states Alice’s reason for waking up early, while the second implies that she was successful in her intention.

This is not a distinction always observed by native speakers.

It is confusing, because “so” (when used as a conjunction) can mean “therefore” or can be an abbreviated form of “so that” (meaning “in order that.”) In this way “so” has two distinct but similar meanings.

Subjectively I would say that using “so” in place of “so that” sounds a little informal and maybe a tiny bit childish, but is fine in conversational contexts.


use of mightn’t!

lots of conversation in the teachers’ staff room about this. Usually nobody says mightn’t or mayn’t.

Today’s words:


Ruth’s Twi idioms

1.       Russian Слон в посудной лавке An elephant in china shop.
2.       Arabic العصفورة قالت لي إنك ناوي تسافر مصر. A little bird told me
3.       Tunisian Arabic إذا حمرت في العشية خوذ زادك وتهيأـ إذا حمرت في الصباح حط زادك وارتاح Red sky at night, shepherd’s delight; red sky in the morning, shepherd’s warning
4.       Arabic العبرة بالأعمال وليست بالأقوال Actions speak louder than words
5.       Arabic اضرب عصفورين بحجر​ Kill two birds with one stone
6.       Czech/Slovak Chodiť okolo horúcej kaše to walk around hot porridge
7.       Russian Лучше синица в руках, чем журавль в небе A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush
8.       Czech Bruslit na tenkém ledu to be on thin ice
9.       Polish Leje zabami / jak z cebra It’s raining frogs
10.   Urdu دنيا كتنى چهوٹى ہے It’s a small world
11.   Latvian Visi nav mājās nobody’s home
12.   Iran سنگ غلطان خزه. A rolling stone gathers no moss.
13.   Tigrinya Mealtn kelbe key Tsewaekayomyme Tsu Time and the dog come without being called

a bull in a china shop

a flea

an octopus

hobby noun [C]

“I’m only pulling your leg!” – Level 2 Group 1 – class notes – 25th January 2016


  • Speaking exam review

  • Body idioms quiz

  • Reading exam-style test.

  • Individual Learner Performance interview times – book yourself in now!

  • Feedback on the academic year so far.

  • Body idioms notes:

  1. When you are alone and have problems it’s difficult if you don’t have a shoulder to cry on.
  2. It’s hard to keep a straight face when someone falls over in the street. You know you’re not supposed to laugh but it’s really hard to stop yourself!
  3. When he saw a ghost it was a hair-raising experience. When I went on the rollercoaster it was hair-raising.
  4. The teacher heard the students talking at the back of the class but he turned a blind eye and said nothing.
  5. I offered the Queen some of my chips but she turned her nose up at them. They weren’t good enough for her. I offered him a lift on the back of my bike, but he turned his nose up at the idea saying he would rather walk. It wasn’t good enough for him!
  6. The cake, which I was eating, was mouth-watering.
  7. Up to your neck in it. There is so much work to do this month, I’m up to my neck in it. I feel like I’m drowning in paperwork!
  8. Get your head around it. Learning idioms is really difficult, I can’t seem to get my head round them. (they don’t make any sense!)
  9. Did you watch the news last night? The film about the starving children was heart-rending.
  10. I was so tense thinking about the exam. I had butterflies in my stomach all morning.
  11. Roger Federer beat Nadal hands down. It was a really easy victory.
  12. I’m not very good at knitting. I’m all fingers and thumbs with things like that.
  13. I kept telling Mahmoud that he had probably failed his exam, but it wasn’t true, I was only pulling his leg.
  14. I said something bad to my mother-in-law. I said I didn’t like her Yorkshire puddings and she’s really proud of them. I think I’ve really put my foot in it. She’ll never like me now.

Today’s words:

  • contempt noun [U] (NO RESPECT)

C2 a ​strongfeeling of ​disliking and having no ​respect for someone or something:At ​school she had ​complete contemptfor all her ​teachers.You should treat those ​remarks withthe contempt that they ​deserve.She’s beneath contempt (= I have no ​respect for her)!

What unusual foods have you tried? Entry 3 Group 2 Class notes 20th January 2016


  1. Make the questions.

  2. Unusual foods

  3. Blockbusters game revision: might, might not, will, may

  4. Entry 3 progress Test

making Sushi


Mexican burritos


today’s words:

sushi noun [U]

What is the future of our cities? Level 2 Group 1 class notes 18th January 2016


  1. Exam practice

  2. Intensifying adverbs

  3. “Being alone”

  4. “Why should we ever leave the house nowadays?”

  5. What is the future of our city centres?

New words:


conduct verb (ORGANIZE)

B2 [T] to ​organize and ​perform a ​particularactivity:We are conducting a ​survey to ​find out what ​ourcustomersthink of ​theirlocalbusservice.The ​experiments were conducted by ​scientists in New York.

greatly adverb

UK   US   /ˈɡreɪt.li/

B2 very much, used ​especially to show how much you ​feel or ​experience something:I greatly ​regret not having told the ​truth.Her ​pianoplaying has greatly ​improved/has ​improved greatly.

thoroughly adverb (VERY MUCH)

B2 completely, very much:I thoroughly ​enjoyed the ​performance.

More examples

thoroughly adverb (CAREFULLY)

B2 in a ​detailed and ​careful way:We went through the ​report thoroughly but couldn’t ​find the ​informationanywhere.

freely adverb (NOT LIMITED)

B2 without being ​controlled or ​limited:For the first ​time in ​months she could ​move freely.Exotic ​foods are freely ​available in ​supermarkets.She freely (= ​willingly) admits that she’s not as ​fast a ​runner as she used to be.We ​encourage the ​victims to ​talk freely (= ​talk a lot and ​honestly) about ​theirexperiences.

More examples

freely adverb (ABLE TO MOVE EASILY)

in a way that is not ​fixed or ​joined to anything, so ​able to ​moveeasily:Remember to ​apply plenty of ​oil so that the ​wheel can ​rotate freely.

alienation noun [U] (SEPARATION)

the ​feeling that you have no ​connection with the ​people around you:Depressed ​peoplefrequentlyfeel a ​sense of alienation from those around them.

alienation noun [U] (LOSS OF SUPPORT)

the ​act of making someone ​stopsupporting and ​agreeing with you:This ​short-sighted alienation of ​their own ​supporters may ​lose them the ​election.

entirely adverb

B2 completely:I ​admit it was entirely my ​fault.The ​company is ​runalmost entirely by ​middle-aged men.

sincerely adverb

honestly and without ​pretending or ​lying:I’m sincerely ​grateful.(yours) sincerely B1 (US also Sincerely yours) used to end a ​formalletter that is ​sent to a ​particularperson

wall-to-wall adjective [usually before noun]

Will you draw a blank or be teacher’s pet? – Entry 3 class notes – 13th January 2016



  1. Revision of vocabulary from previous week

  2. Questions in different tenses revision.

  3. Progress & writing review test

  4. Study skills discussion

  5. Mohammed’s presentation about Iran

The early bird catches the worm

Find someone who:

find someone who went to bed at 2am.

Did you go to bed at 2am last night?

find someone who likes sausages

Do you like sausages?

Today’s words:

achieve verb [T]

prefer verb [T] (CHOOSE)

A2 to like, ​choose, or ​want one thing ​rather than another:Do you prefer ​hot or ​coldweather?I prefer ​redwine towhite.

regret noun [C or U]

B2 a ​feeling of ​sadness about something ​sad or ​wrong or about a ​mistake that you have made, and a ​wish that it could have been different and ​better:I ​leftschool at 16, but I’ve had a ​greatlife and I have no regrets.The ​managerexpresseddeep regretat/for the ​number of ​staffreductions.

resolution noun

resolution noun (DECISION) C2 [C] a ​promise to yourself to do or to not do something:[+ to infinitive] I made a resolution togive up ​chocolate.

neighbourhood noun [C]

UK (US neighborhood) UK  /ˈneɪ.bə.hʊd/  US   /-bɚ-/

B1 the ​area of a ​town that ​surroundssomeone’s ​home, or the ​people who ​live in this ​area:There were ​lots of ​kids in my neighbourhood when I was ​growing up.They ​live in a ​wealthy/​poor/​friendlyneighbourhood.


receive verb [T] (GET)

A2 to get or be given something:Did you receive my ​letter?I received a ​phonecall fromyourmother.They received a ​visit from the ​police 

threaten verb

“How healthy are you?” Level 2 Group 1 – class notes 11-12 January 2016


  1. Exam practice (of course!)

  2. Complete a health & fitness quiz

  3. Think about the differences between competitive sports (where you try to beat an opponent) and individual sports (that you do alone).

  4. Read about world sport

  5. Start to use some intensifying adverbs

Today’s words:

 convenient adjective


thoroughly adverb (VERY MUCH)

B2 completely, very much:I thoroughly ​enjoyed the ​performance.

thoroughly adverb (CAREFULLY)

B2 in a ​detailed and ​careful way:We went through the ​report thoroughly but couldn’t ​find the ​informationanywhere.

sincere adjective


compete verb [I]

fair trade noun [U]

fairly traded

adverb UK   US

free-range adjective


Are you stuck in a rut? – changing your life – Entry 3 class notes – 6th January 2016


  1. To find out more about your new teacher i.e. me…

  2. Test your knowledge of New Year’s celebrations at: Join the quiz at kahoot.it

  3. Learn 6 Phrasal verbs & idioms

  4. What is your New Year’s resolution?

  5. Read & listen to people talk about changes in their lives

  6. To be able to write 3 sentences using ‘used to’.

  7. To do a ‘dictogloss’ collaborative writing with a partner.

Ask me three questions.

If you want to progress to Level 1 you need to start using a dictionary NOT translating every word! Try this app/website: dictionary.cambridge.org

prepositions of place: at, on, in, under, over, next to, besides, in front of, opposite, behind

prepositions of time: at, on, in, for, during, since

look up – find a word in a dictionary


Today’s words:

idiom noun

UK   US   /ˈɪd.i.əm/

B2 [C] a ​group of words in a ​fixedorder that have a ​particularmeaning that is different from the ​meanings of each word on ​its own:To “have ​bitten off more than you can ​chew” is an idiom that ​means you have ​tried to do something which is too ​difficult for you. [C or U] formal the ​style of ​expression in writing, ​speech, or ​music that is ​typical of a ​particularperiod, ​person, or ​group:Both ​operas are very much in the ​modern idiom.

over the moon

In a state of great happiness.

She is very happy.

a typewriter:

a doll:

leisure noun [U]

UK   /ˈleʒ.ər/  US  /ˈliː.ʒɚ/

B1 the ​time when you are not ​working or doing other ​duties:leisure ​activitiesMost ​people only have a ​limitedamountof leisure time.The ​townlacks leisure facilities such as a ​swimmingpool or ​squashcourts.

bully noun [C]

UK   US   /ˈbʊl.i/

C1 someone who ​hurts or ​frightenssomeone who is ​smaller or less ​powerful, often ​forcing them to do something that they do not ​want to do:You’re just a big bully!Teachers usually ​know who the bullies are in a ​class.

cyberbully noun [C]

UK   /ˈsaɪ.bəˌbʊl.i/  US   /-bɚ-/

someone who uses the internet to ​harm or ​frighten another ​person, ​especially by ​sending them ​unpleasantmessages

“phrasal verb” noun [C]

UK   /ˌfreɪ.zəl ˈvɜːb/  US   /-ˈvɝːb/

B1 a phrase that consists of a ​verb with a ​preposition or ​adverb or both, the ​meaning of which is different from the ​meaning of ​itsseparateparts:“Pay for”, “​work out”, and “make up for” are all ​phrasalverbs.

A1 [I or T] to give ​money to someone for something you ​want to ​buy or for ​servicesprovided:How much did you pay for the ​tickets?I pay my ​taxes.

pay verb (WORK)

B1 [I or T] to give ​money to someone for ​work that they have done:The ​company pays ​itsinterns $4,000 a ​month.We pay €200 a ​day for this ​kind of ​work.Accountancy may be ​boring but at least it pays well.Most of these women are very poorlypaid and ​work in ​terribleconditions.

 rise verb (MOVE UP)

B1 [I] to ​moveupwards:The ​balloon rose ​gently (up) into the ​air.At 6 a.m. we ​watched the ​sun rise (= ​appear and ​moveupwards in the ​sky).

rise noun (INCREASE)

B2 [C] an ​increase:a ​suddentemperature risea 5 ​percent rise ininflation

pay rise noun [C]

UK   US   UK (US pay raise)

C1 an ​increase in the ​amount of ​moneyyou ​earn for doing ​yourjob
preposition noun [C]

B1 in ​grammar, a word that is used before a ​noun, a ​noun phrase, or apronoun, ​connecting it to another word:In the ​sentences “We ​jumped in the ​lake“, and “She ​droveslowly down the ​track“, “in” and “down” are prepositions.

opportunity noun

UK   /ˌɒp.əˈtjuː.nə.ti/  US  /ˌɑː.pɚˈtuː.nə.t̬i/

B1 [C or U] an ​occasion or ​situation that makes it ​possible to do something that you ​want to do or have to do, or the ​possibility of doing something:Everyone will have an opportunity to ​comment.I was never given the opportunity of going to ​college.

career noun [C]

UK   /kəˈrɪər/  US  /-ˈrɪr/

B1 the ​job or ​series of ​jobs that you do during ​yourworkinglife, ​especially if you ​continue to get ​betterjobs and ​earn more ​money:He’s ​hoping for a career in the ​policeforce/as a ​policeofficer.

rhetorical question noun [C]

UK   US  

a ​question, ​asked in ​order to make a ​statement, that does not ​expect an ​answer:“Why do these things always ​happen to me?” is a ​rhetoricalquestion.

idiom noun

UK   US   /ˈɪd.i.əm/

B2 [C] a ​group of words in a ​fixedorderthat have a ​particularmeaning that is different from the ​meanings of each word on ​its own:To “have ​bitten off more than you can ​chew” is an idiom that ​means you have ​tried to do something which is too ​difficult for you.

give up sth

phrasal verb with give UK   US   /ɡɪv/ verb (gave, given)

to ​stopowning and using something:They were ​forced to give up ​theirhomebecause they couldn’t ​pay the ​mortgage.

Exams in 2 and a bit weeks! Things get serious: Level 2 Group 1 & Group 2 – 4th & 6th January2016 – class notes


  1. What defines your cultural identity?

  2. Practice passing the exam (commenting on presentations)

  3. Practice passing the exam (listening & note taking) link to the sample cambridge exam papers & old papers

    Pre-2015 past papers

  4. Practice passing the exam (responding in discussions)

4. Give me any the homework you haven’t done.

5. Learn more about ideas of cultural identity.

6. Make some appointments for practice in pairs.

What do we have to remember when we are giving a formal presentation? What factors are important? What were we practising before Christmas?

signposting, sequencing, transitions: moreover, however, furthermore, even though, nevertheless

I’m going to talk about … initially, first of all, to start with, secondly, on the other hand, or next I want to discuss…. finally, in conclusion.


today’s words:

Cultural identity is the identity or feeling of belonging to a group. It is part of a person’s self-conception and self-perception and is related to nationality, ethnicity, religion, social class, generation, locality or any kind of social group that has its own distinct culture https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultural_identity


mores noun [plural]

UK   /ˈmɔː.reɪz/  US   /ˈmɔːr.eɪz/ formal

the ​traditionalcustoms and ​ways of ​behaving that are ​typicalof a ​particular (​part of) ​society:middle-class moresthe mores and ​culture of the ​Japanese

diffusion noun [U] (today we talked about diffusion of cultures – spreading)


science (of ​gases and ​liquids) the ​process of ​spreading into a ​surroundingsubstance biology Diffusion is also the ​method by which ​substances ​pass in and out of ​cells through ​theirmembrane (= ​outsidecovering).

diversity noun [S or U]

UK   /daɪˈvɜː.sɪ.ti/  US   /dɪˈvɝː.sə.t̬i/

C1 the ​fact of many different ​types of things or ​people being ​included in something; a ​range of different things or ​people:Does ​televisionadequatelyreflect the ethnic and cultural diversity of the ​country? the ​fact that there are many different ​ideas or ​opinions about something:There is awide diversity ofopinion on the ​question of ​unilateral​ disarmament.

norm noun [C usually plural] the norm/norms