Level 2 – discussion – are people reading less nowadays?

Today’s objectives

  1. Icebreakers

  2. College induction

  3. The Proust Questionnaire

  4. Writing diagnostic

  5. Group discussion & Padlet

Look up these words in a dictionary. Discuss the meaning with your colleagues & use these words to write sentences:

trait (noun)
extravagance (noun)
an overrated virtue
despise (verb)
quality (noun)
phrases
talent (noun)
most treasured possession
the lowest depth
to value (verb)
to identify with (verb)
regret (noun)
motto (noun)

Interesting facts about Level 2 Group 2:

Saadaya is a DIY expert.

Abdelmonem is very worried about global warming.

Haifaa doesn’t like pop music.

Simon’s least favourite type of holiday is going to a festival in London.

The most interesting place that Genet has been to is Switzerland.

Hassan and Yohannes’ most exciting film is The Big Stan.

Why is coming to college like having a job?

You have to give your time in a job and you get money; when you spend your time at college you get knowledge.

You need to attend and you need to be on time.

In both instances you can meet new people and get new experiences.

You can expand your horizons.

expand one’s horizons

Fig. to experience and learn new things. Read more! Travel! Go out and expand your horizons!
See also: expandhorizon

What sort of class do you want?

Think about homework; online exercises, apps, using mobiles in class and using dictionaries and translation apps.

Group 1 like homework: tests and writing. Group 3 disagree because if you do it at home you might cheat and copy online. “If you don’t do it, you’re cheating yourself.”

Martin likes to use phone translation because he can find things quickly.

How do you study best? What are your top study tips?

For example: how do you make a note of new vocabulary and grammar. How do you remember things? Where do you work best? When do you work best?

Today’s words:

Trait: honesty is one of Genet’s best traits.

[ U ] behaviour in which you spend more money than you need to:

think she was shocked by my extravagance.

[ C ] something expensive that you buy even though you do not need it:

Perfume is my greatest extravagance.
 a virtue –  a good characteristic or behaviour
overrated – overvalued.
Titanic is very overrated. Getting up early is an overrated virtue.
Despise – Some Man Utd fans despise Liverpool fans.
Quality – The quality of that product is not good.
Eden Hazard has a lot of talent.
My most treasured possession is the medal my grandfather gave me 30 years ago.
The lowest depth of the Ethiopian lake 1500 metres down.
The Estate Agent valued my home at £240,000.

identify sb/sth with sth

— phrasal verb with identify 

to believe that someone or something is closely connected orinvolved with something:

regret – I regret not buying Bitcoin 8 years because now I would be a millionaire.

motto noun [ C ]

 plural mottos or mottoes

Her motto is “Work hard, play hard”.

Made with Padlet

Ranting & raving – pros and cons of getting married – Level 1 & Level 2

Class objectives

  1. Ranting and raving for one minute without stopping.
  2. Ranting about marriage for 3 minutes
  3. Marriage vocabulary & idioms knowledge check
  4. Cost Benefit Analysis of marriage issues
  5. Reading & ordering a Pros & Cons essay
  6. Using linking words to connect contrasting ideas in essays: despite & whereas
  7. Writing a Pros & Cons essay (homework)

Marriage statistics & differences around the world

World Marriage Data 

Do married women live longer than single women?
Indeed, statistically speaking, men get a much better deal out of marriage than their wives—married men tend to live many years longer than single men, whereas married women live only a little bit longer than single women.
Do men live longer if they are married?
Men who have marital partners also live longer than men without spouses; men who marry after age 25 get more protection than those who tie the knot at a younger age, and the longer a man stays married, the greater his survival advantage over his unmarried peers.

Marriage discussion questions

Do a cost benefits analysis of:

  1. Age difference
  2. Getting married multiple times
  3. Age of marriage
  4. Arranged marriage
  5. Blind date
  6. Love at first sight
  7. having 4 wives or husbands (polygamy)/monogamy (single partner)
  8. Marriage vows
  9. Welfare & financial benefits of marriage
  10. Being common-law partners

Dating & Marriage vocabulary

Using contrasting linking words quizzes & explanations:

Whereas

We use the conjunction whereas to indicate a contrast between two facts or ideas:

He loves foreign holidays, whereas his wife prefers to stay at home.

Whereas most new PCs have several USB slots, older ones often only had one.

Warning:

Whereas means the same as while in sentences expressing contrasts. It does not mean the same as while when while refers to time:

The south has a hot, dry climate, whereas/while the north has a milder, wetter climate.

The secretary took care of my appointments while I was away from the office.

Not: … whereas I was away from the office.

In spite of and despite

In spite of and despite are prepositional expressions.

In spite of and despite have a similar meaning to although or even though. They express a contrast between two things. They are both more common in writing than in speaking. Despite is a little more formal than in spite of.

We usually use in spite of and despite with a noun:

He got the job in spite of his prison record.

[recession is a time when the economy of a country is not good]

John’s company is doing extremely well despite the recession.

We can also use in spite of and despite with –ing:

He was very fast in spite of being terribly overweight.

They arrived late despite leaving in plenty of time.

Warning:

We don’t use a that-clause after in spite of or despite. We use in spite of the fact that or despite the fact that:

When they arrived at Malaga it was hot, in spite of the fact that it was only the end of April.

Not: … in spite of that it was only the end of April

In spite of is written as three separate words. We never use of with despite:

They enjoyed the rides in spite of the long queues. (or … despite the long queues.)

Not: … inspite the long queues or … despite of the long queues.

 

Today’s words:

rant verb [ I ]

He’s always ranting (on) about the government.
I get fed up with my mother ranting and raving (about my clothes) all the time.
tying the knot – idiom
Image result for marriage ball and chain idiom
Ball and chain – old fashioned & sexist idiom:
Image result for marriage ball and chain idiom
cost benefit analysis – used especially in business
Image result for cost benefit analysis

pro noun [ C ] (ADVANTAGE)

B2 an advantage to or a reason for doing something:

One of the big pros of living in Madrid is the nightlife.

con noun (DISADVANTAGE)

[ C usually plural ] informala disadvantage or areason for not doing something:

One of the cons of buying a bigger car is that it costs more to run.
You have to weigh up all the pros and cons of the matter before you make a decision.
 

Is it time to escape the rat race? Level 2 – 17th November 2016

Objectives:

  1. 2nd Conditional warmers – could & would

  2. How can we be happier?

  3. Will money make you happier? What is work/life balance?

  4. What could you live without?

  5. Find out definitions for these words: freeganism, forage & road kill.

  6. Read about a life without money.

  7. Work in groups to come up with ideas to make life happier.

The 2nd Conditional explained

The Happiness Formula

Complete these sentences and be ready to explain why you are saying this

a) Happiness is …….

b) Money can’t make you happy …

What is the Rat Race? Is it possible to escape it?

consumerism noun [ U ]

politics the state of an advanced industrial society in which a lot of goods are bought and sold

disapproving the situation in which too much attention is given to buying and owning things:

He disliked Christmas and its rampant (= extreme) consumerism.
Black Friday is coming soon – this was the scene in London 2 years ago:

Are these statements true or false:

  1. People are wealthier and happier than 50 years ago.

  2. Consumerism hasn’t made people happy.

  3. Scientists think we should change our way of life

Watch the video and think about these questions:

A) Why hasn’t consumerism (the work+buy ethic) made people happy?

B) How should we change our way of life?

Life without money

Could you live without money? Think of 3 advantages of a life without money.

 

Look up these three words on your phone: 1. Road kill (noun) 2. to forage (verb) 3. freegan & freeganism

road kill noun [ U ]

animals that are killed on roadsby cars or other vehicles:

On average, two crocodiles a yearend up as road kill on Florida’s Highway 1.
Foraging:

forage verb [ I ]

to go from place to placesearching, especially for food:

The children had been living on the streets, foraging for scraps.
The pigs foraged in the woods for acorns.
Freeganism:
Image result for freegan

freegan noun [ C ]

a person who chooses to eatfood that is not bought from a shop, especially food that other people, shops, or organizationsthrow away, so that food is not wasted

Article in The Independent about a German woman living without money

Listen to an English podcast about the German woman Heidemarie Schwermer who made a deliberate choice to live without money 14 years ago.

Present perfect revision exercises:

http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/presentperfect.html

http://www.englishhints.com/irregular-verbs.html

http://www.iswearenglish.com/100series.php?id=7

http://www.englishpage.com/irregularverbs/irregularverbs.html#l

Today’s words:

The two words, hung vs. hanged, are both the past tense of hang but have different uses in a sentence. Hanged refers to death by hanging, whether it be suicide or execution.

the amount of respect, admiration, or importancegiven to a person, organization, or object:

high/low status
As the daughter of the president, she enjoys high status among her peers.
The leaders were often more concerned with status and privilegethan with the problems of the people.

designer label noun [ C ]

UK US MARKETING, COMMERCE

a famous company that makes expensive clothes, bags, etc. and that is a well-known brand:

Our aim is to make this one of the world’s great designer labels.

secondment noun [ C or U ]

a period of time when an employee is sent to worksomewhere else temporarily, either to increase the numberof workers there, to replace a worker, or to exchangeexperiences and skills:

secondment to/from sth My last post in the probation service was a secondment to Bristol Prison.
on secondment Next month Douglas, who has been on secondment from BT, goes back to his old job.

shadow noun (FOLLOW)

[ C ] someone who followsanother person everywhere:

“I think we have a shadow on our tail,” muttered the detective.
Ever since he was able to walk, Stephen has been his older brother’s shadow (= has followed him and copied his actions).

[ C ] uk a person who follows someone else while they are at work in order to learn about that person’s job

commuter noun [ C ]

someone who regularly travels between work and home:

The train was packed with commuters.

assumption noun (BELIEF)

C1 [ C ] something that you accept as true without questionor proof:

People tend to make assumptions about you when you have a disability.
These calculations are based on the assumption that prices will continue to rise.

I assume fish and chips is the most popular meal in Britain. No, it isn’t, that’s an incorrect assumption. The most popular meal in the UK is Chicken Tikka Masala.

diminish verb [ I or T ]

C1 to reduce or be reduced in size or importance:

I don’t want to diminish her achievements, but she did have a lot of help.
These memories will not be diminished by time.
What he did has seriously diminished him in many people’s eyes.
We’ve seen our house diminish greatly/sharply/substantially in value over the last six months.

barter verb [ I or T ]

to exchange goods for other things rather than for money:

He bartered his stamp collection forher comics.
We spent a whole hour bartering withstallholders for souvenirs.

miser noun [ C ]

 Dandelion – can be used in salads:
Image result for picking dandelions
Image result for picking nettles
Wild garlic
Image result for picking wild garlic
Idioms: