Level 2 Group 1 – class notes – 22nd November 2015


  1. BKSB English diagnostics & individual learning continued ……. 🙂

  2. http://www.tolearnenglish.com/english_lessons/used-to-exercises

  3. http://www.tolearnenglish.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise-english-18091.php

  4. News: ESOL has organised a trip to the Clothes Show at the Birmingham NEC for Tuesday 8th December 2015

    Efrem’s presentation

    Next week we will be looking at the National Careers service website – Action plan – find your career

    level 2 wow factor ideas 2

level 2 wow factor ideas 1

disposable heroes of hiphoprisy, Television the drug of the nation – video clip!

Today’s words:

intrusion noun [C or U]

UK   US  /ɪnˈtruː.ʒən/

C2 an ​occasion when someone goes into a ​place or ​situation where they are not ​wanted or ​expected to be:They ​complained about ​excessivegovernment intrusion (= ​unwantedinvolvement) intotheirlegitimateactivities.His ​phonecall was a welcome intrusion into an ​otherwisetediousmorning.

anxiety noun (WORRY)

B2 [U] an ​uncomfortablefeeling of ​nervousness or ​worry about something that is ​happening or might ​happen in the ​future:Children ​normallyfeel a lot of anxietyabouttheir first ​day at ​school.That ​explains his anxiety over his ​health.

flimsy adjective (THIN)

very ​thin, or ​easilybroken or ​destroyed:You won’t be ​warm enough in that flimsy ​dress.We ​spent the ​night in a flimsy ​woodenhut.a flimsy ​cardboardbox

flimsy adjective (DIFFICULT TO BELIEVE)

A flimsy ​argument, ​excuse, etc. is ​weak and ​difficult to ​believe:When I ​asked him why he was late, he gave me some flimsy excuse about having ​cartrouble.

extent noun [S or U]

UK   US   /ɪkˈstent/

B2 area or ​length; ​amount:From the ​top of the Empire State Building, you can ​see the full extent ofManhattan (= the ​area it ​covers).We don’t ​yetknow the extent of his ​injuries (= how ​bad his ​injuries are).

hound noun [C]

UK   US   /haʊnd/

a ​type of ​dog used for ​hunting

hound verb [T]

UK   US   /haʊnd/

to ​chase someone or to ​refuse to ​leave someone ​alone, ​especiallybecause you ​want to get something from them:The ​reporters wouldn’t ​stop hounding her.


Level 2 Group 2 – class notes – 19th November 2015

phrasal verb

  1. an idiomatic phrase consisting of a verb and another element, typically either an adverb, as in break down, or a preposition, for example see to, or a combination of both, such as look down on.


    1. Phrasal verbs warmer

    2. 19th November is International Toilet Day

    3. phrasal verbs with OUT, TAKE, DOWN, BREAK & UP at the end

    4. Exam practice PRESENTATIONs on the media & newspapers

    5. Exam practice listening

    6. Presentation

    7. Future forms review (homework)

    Phrasal verbs

    1. Some idiot turned off the fridge, and the milk has gone off.
    2. He looked quite convincing dressed as a woman but his moustache gave him away. She looks young but her wrinkles give her true age away. The teacher wanted to know who had cheated in the exam and the pupil’s excellent vocabulary gave away the fact that they had used google to copy their writing.
    3. The game of chess originates from India and goes back about two thousand years. The history of my family goes back all the way to Ireland in the 1820s.
    4. I need a break. All this non-stop work is getting me down. I don’t like all these phrasal verbs, they’re too hard. It’s getting me down all this confusing language.
    5. What exactly are you getting at? Have I done something wrong?
    6. No, darling, it looks terrible, I think you’ll find that purple spiky hair went out decades ago.
    7. I was offered a great job in America, but I had to turn it down because I’m looking after my mother.
    8. I know you’re busy, but can’t you just drop in for a minute and say hello to the guys?
    9. She’s brilliant. We spent weeks on this software problem, getting nowhere. Then she arrived and came up with a solution straightaway.
    10. How can we get round the problem of over-staffing without actually sacking people?
    11. It’s too late to change your mind now. You’ve handed in your resignation.
    12. After my husband passed away I was grief stricken for years – well, weeks anyway.

    Today’s words

    rather adverb

    UK   /ˈrɑː.ðər/  US   /ˈræð.ɚ/

    rather adverb (SMALL AMOUNT)

    B1 quite; to a ​slightdegree:It’s rather ​cold today, isn’t it?That’s rather adifficultbook – here’s an ​easier one for you.The ​train was rather too ​crowded for a ​comfortablejourney.She ​answered the ​phone rather sleepily.I rather ​doubt I’ll be ​able to come to ​yourparty.
    instead of; used ​especially when you ​prefer one thing to another:I ​think I’d like to ​stay at ​home this ​evening rather than go out

    stress noun

    UK   US   /stres/

    stress noun (WORRY)

    B1 [C or U] greatworrycaused by a ​difficultsituation, or something that ​causes this ​condition:People under a lot of stress may ​experienceheadaches, ​minorpains, and ​sleeping difficulties.Yoga is a very ​effectivetechnique for combating stress.the stresses and ​strains of the ​jobstress-​relatedillness

    More examples

    stress noun (PRONUNCIATION)

    B2 [C or U] the way that a word or ​syllable is ​pronounced with ​greaterforce than other words in the same ​sentence or other ​syllables in the same word:The ​meaning of a ​sentence often ​depends on stress and ​intonation.When “​insert” is a ​verb, the stress is on the second ​syllable, but when it is a ​noun, the stress is on the first ​syllable.
    a road bypass – a road that bypasses a town (to keep traffic out of the centre. A heart bypass – a way to send the blood to bypass a problem area in your heart.

Level 2 Group 2 – class notes – 18th November 2015

1 Are you a slave to your mobile?

2 Broadsheet & tabloid newspapers – comparison of Prince Harry story

4 Presentation

3 Compare the styles of broadsheets & tabloids.

4. Exam practice

Words of the day:

spam noun [U] (COMPUTING)

C1 informal disapproving unwantedemail, usually ​advertisements:I get so much spam at ​work.

concise adjective

UK   US   /kənˈsaɪs/

short and ​clear, ​expressing what ​needs to be said without ​unnecessary words:Make ​youranswersclear and concise.

adverb UK   US   /-li/

sensational adjective

UK   US   /senˈseɪ.ʃən.əl/

C2 approving very good, ​exciting, or ​unusual:a sensational ​sportscar/​dressShe ​looks sensational (= ​extremelyattractive) in her new ​dress.C1 disapproving Sensational ​newsreports and ​articles are ​intended to be ​shocking and ​excitingrather than ​serious:Some of the more sensational ​newspapers have given a lot of ​coverage to the ​scandal.

objective adjective

UK   US   /əbˈdʒek.tɪv/

B2 based on ​realfacts and not ​influenced by ​personalbeliefs or ​feelings:an objective and ​impartialreportI can’t really be objective when I’m ​judging my daughter’s ​work.

Opposite: subjective adjective

UK   US   /səbˈdʒek.tɪv/

C1 influenced by or ​based on ​personalbeliefs or ​feelings, ​ratherthan ​based on ​facts:I ​think my ​husband is the most ​handsome man in the ​world, but I ​realize my ​judgment is ​rather subjective.More ​specific and less subjective ​criteria should be used in ​selectingpeople for ​promotion within the ​company.

circumstance noun

UK   /ˈsɜː.kəm.stɑːns/  US   /ˈsɝː.kəm.stæns/

B2 [C usually plural] a ​fact or ​event that makes a ​situation the way it is:I ​think she ​coped very well under the circumstances.Obviously we can’t ​deal with the ​problem until we ​know all the circumstances.She ​died in ​suspicious circumstances.

spam noun [U] (COMPUTING)

C1 informal disapproving unwantedemail, usually ​advertisements:I get so much spam at ​work.

back sth up

phrasal verb with back UK   US   /bæk/ verb

C2 to ​prove something is ​true:His ​claims are ​backed up by ​recentresearch.B2 to make an ​extracopy of ​computerinformation:Make ​sure you back up ​yourfiles.

back (sth) up

phrasal verb with back UK   US   /bæk/ verb

to ​drivebackwards
guinea pigs

Level 2 Group 1 – class notes – 16th & 17th November 2015


    1. Continue your BKSB diagnosis – boring but important

    2. News about the City & Guilds Level 2 Reading exam

    3. Send me your gallery art photos for tomorrow’s lesson

    4. Enrichment: visiting speakers & visits – who would you like to come and visit you? Where would you like to go?

    5. What is art? What different ways can you think of to express yourself?

    6. The man who creates art in his sleep

    7. The Appropriation Artist – Your Instagram image could be his $40,000 artwork

    8. Salford City College – City Campus – The Wow Factor ideas

    9. The Trafalgar Square Fourth Plinth Art Project

    10. Anthony Gormley’s Fourth Plinth Project


    12. Sarah’s Prezi presentation on coping strategies for stress.

    13. Early finish + Meetings with Mark (part 1 & 2 of 6)

      P1060197 P1060198 P1060200

describing art example sentences:

job enrichment noun [U]

UK   US   (also job enhancement) HR

moving adjective (FEELINGS)

B2 causingstrongfeelings of sadness or ​sympathy:a very moving ​storyI ​find some of Brahms’s ​music deeplymoving.

unconventional adjective

UK   US  /ˌʌn.kənˈven.ʃən.əl/

C1 different from what is ​usual or from the way most ​people do things:an unconventional ​childhood/​lifestyle/​marriage

thought-provoking adjective

UK   /ˈθɔːt.prəˈvəʊk.ɪŋ/ US   /ˈθɑːt.prəˌvoʊk-/

making you ​think a lot about a ​subject:a thought-provoking ​book/​film


Level 2 Group 2 – 12th November 2015


    1. Politics – left & right


2 Broadsheet & tabloid newspapers – comparison of today’s main stories

3 Compare the styles of broadsheets & tabloids.

4. Listen to people talking about newspapers. Internet vs newspapers.

5. Presentation

news headlines: Dog bites man. Man bites dog.

Happy celebrity goes shopping with his family and buys potatoes.

Celebrity couple at war. She throws him out of the house and swears to take all his money.



homophobia noun [U]

UK   /ˌhəʊ.məˈfəʊ.bi.ə/  US   /ˌhoʊ.məˈfoʊ-/

a ​fear or ​dislike of ​gaypeople


adjective UK   US   /-bɪk/

a homophobic ​attitude

xenophobia noun [U]

UK   /ˌzen.əˈfəʊ.bi.ə/  US   /-ˈfoʊ-/

C2 extremedislike or ​fear of foreigners, ​theircustoms, ​theirreligions, etc.

an eagle swoops

swoop verb [I]

UK   US   /swuːp/

to ​move very ​quickly and ​easily through the ​air, ​especiallydown from a ​height in ​order to ​attack:The ​eagle swooped down to ​snatch a ​youngrabbit. informal to make a ​suddenattack on a ​place or ​group of ​people in ​order to ​surround and ​catch them:Undercover ​police swooped on three ​houses in the ​city at 5.00 this ​morning.

inflation noun [U]

UK   US   /ɪnˈfleɪ.ʃən/

B2 a ​general, ​continuousincrease in ​prices:high/​low inflationthe ​rate of inflation13 ​percent inflation

blow verb (SEND OUT AIR)

B1 [I or T] to ​move and make ​currents of ​air, or to be ​moved or make something ​move on a ​current of ​air:The ​wind was blowing harder every ​minute.

blow noun (HIT)

C2 [C] a hard ​hit with a ​hand or a ​weapon:a ​sharp blow to the ​stomach

More examples

blow noun (BAD EVENT)

C2 [C] an ​unexpectedevent that has a ​damagingeffect on someone or something:Losing his ​job was a ​severe blow to his ​confidence.Her ​death came as a ​terrible blow to her ​parents.

raid noun [C]

UK   US   /reɪd/

C2 a ​shortsuddenattack, usually by a ​smallgroup of ​people:The ​commandos made/​staged/​carried out a ​daring raid (on the ​enemy).planes on a bombing raid the ​act of ​entering a ​place by ​force in ​order to ​steal from it:Millions of ​dollars were ​stolen in a bank raid last ​night.C2 an ​occasion when the ​policeenter a ​placesuddenly in ​orderto ​find someone or something:The ​drugs were ​found during a ​police raid on the ​house.

probe verb [I or T]

UK   /prəʊb/  US   /proʊb/

to ​try to ​discoverinformation that other ​people do not ​wantyou to ​know, by ​askingquestionscarefully and not ​directly:The ​interviewer probed ​deep into her ​privatelife.Detectives ​questioned him for ​hours, probing for any inconsistencies in his ​story.The ​article probes (= ​tries to ​describe and ​explain) the ​mysteries of ​nationalism in ​modernEurope. to ​examine something with a ​tool, ​especially in ​order to ​findsomething that is ​hidden:They probed in/into the ​mud with a ​specialdrill.

havoc noun [U]

UK   US   /ˈhæv.ək/

confusion and ​lack of ​order, ​especiallycausingdamage or ​trouble:The ​storm wreaked (= ​caused) havoc in the ​garden, ​uprootingtrees and ​blowing a ​fence down.The ​delay played (= ​caused) havoc withtheirtravelarrangements.

haul verb [T]

UK   /hɔːl/  US   /hɑːl/

C2 to ​pull something ​heavyslowly and with ​difficulty:They hauled the ​boat out of the ​water.She hauled herself up into the ​tree. to take something or someone ​somewhere, ​especially by ​force:FBI ​agents hauled awayboxes of ​records.The ​police hauled him off to ​jail in ​front of his ​wholefamily.

dump verb [T] (PUT DOWN)

C2 to put down or ​drop something in a ​careless way:He came in with four ​shoppingbags and dumped them on the ​table.

More examples

dump verb [T] (GET RID OF)

C1 to get ​rid of something ​unwanted, ​especially by ​leaving it in a ​place where it is not ​allowed to be:The ​tax was so ​unpopular that the ​governmentdecided to dump it.Several ​oldcars had been dumped near the ​beach.

measly adjective

UK   US   /ˈmiːz.li/ informal

too ​small in ​size or ​amount, or not enough:a measly ​amount of ​moneya measly little ​present

break even

C1 to have no ​profit or ​loss at the end of a ​businessactivity:After ​paying for ​ourtravelcosts, we barely (= only just)brokeeven.

bid verb (OFFER)

C2 [I or T] (present participle bidding, past tense bid, past participlebid) to ​offer a ​particularamount of ​money for something that is for ​sale and ​compete against other ​people to ​buy it, ​especially at a ​publicsale of ​goods or ​property:She ​knew she couldn’t ​afford it, so she didn’t bid.

bid noun [C] (ATTEMPT)

C2 an ​attempt to ​achieve or get something:Her bid forre-election was ​unsuccessful.The ​company has ​managed to ​fight off a ​hostile takeover bid (= an ​attempt by another ​company to take ​control of it).

infer verb [T]

UK   /ɪnˈfɜːr/  US   /-ˈfɝː/ (-rr-) formal

C2 to ​form an ​opinion or ​guess that something is ​true because of the ​information that you have:What do you infer from her ​refusal?[+ that] I inferred from her ​expression that she ​wanted to ​leave.

Level 2 Group 2 – class notes – 11th November 2015


  1. Remembrance Day

  2. Revision of prepostitions of time

  3. Remembrance day 2 minutes silence

  4. Newspapers – are they still relevant today

  5. Abdul’s presentation about Afghanistan

    Afghanistan in the 1970s


new words:

boy scouts

biodata noun [U]

UK   /ˈbaɪ.əʊˌdeɪ.tə/  US   /-oʊˌdeɪ.t̬ə/

details about someone’s ​life, ​job, and ​achievements

riot noun

UK   US   /ˈraɪ.ət/

C1 [C] a ​noisy, ​violent, and uncontrolled ​publicmeeting:Inner-city riots erupted when a ​local man was ​shot by ​police. [S] old-fashioned informal a very ​funny or ​entertainingoccasionor ​person:“How was the ​party?” “It was ​great – we had a riot.”I ​met Mike’s ​brother for the first ​time – he’s a riot.

debut noun [C]

UK   US   /ˈdeɪ.bju/

C1 the ​occasion when someone ​performs or ​presents something to the ​public for the first ​time:She made her ​professionalstage debut in Swan Lake.He ​started as an ​actor, making his debut as a ​director in 1990.her debut (= first)album

commemorate verb [T]

UK   US   /kəˈmem.ə.reɪt/

C2 to ​rememberofficially and give ​respect to a ​greatperson or ​event, ​especially by a ​publicceremony or by making a statueor ​specialbuilding:Gathered all together in this ​church, we commemorate those who ​losttheirlives in the ​war.A ​statue has been ​built to commemorate the 100th ​anniversary of the poet’s ​birthday.

tabloid adjective, noun [C]

UK   US   /ˈtæb.lɔɪd/

B2 (of or ​relating to) a ​type of ​popularnewspaper with ​smallpages that has many ​pictures and ​short, ​simplereports:the tabloid ​pressa tabloid ​newspaper 

broadsheet noun [C]

UK   /ˈbrɔːd.ʃiːt/  US   /ˈbrɑːd-/ UK

a ​newspaper that is ​printed on ​largesheets of ​paper, or an ​advertisementprinted on a ​largesheet of ​paper:In ​Britain, the broadsheets are ​generallybelieved to be more ​serious than the ​tabloids.

Level 2 Group 1 – class notes – 8th November 2015


  1. Complete your online ILP

  2. Do your BKSB Level Diagnostic test: “This is a diagnostic assessment, not a test. A test measures what you do know, whereas this set of questions will attempt to gauge what you do not know in order that your tutor can better assist you with your learning. Please try and answer all the questions, but do not guess. If you fluke a correct answer your tutor may think you understand the topic it refers to, when in truth you need to learn it.”

  3. Take a Level 2 Reading test: EdExcel tests here

  4. Amanuel’s presentation – global warming

  5. To be used to https://prezi.com/uwhzt2k7zpsk/copy-of-english-presentation/#

  6. Trip preparations

  7. 1-2-1 with Mark (if you haven’t spoken to me yet this term)

  • Today’s words:

Level 2 Group 2 – class notes – 5th November 2015


  1. British Holidays – Guy Fawkes Day

2. Remembrance Sunday – why do people wear poppies?

3. Used to + would – for completed actions in the past review

4. Writing about your grandparents – used to & would

5. Hamid’s presentation on vitamins (continued!)

6. Opinion essay/presentation – using linking words

7. Discussion roles – disagreeing, being controversial, initiating and changing your opinion

today’s words:

moderate adjective

UK   /ˈmɒd.ər.ət/  US   /ˈmɑː.dɚ-/

moderate adjective (MEDIUM-SIZED)

C1 neither ​smallnorlarge in ​size, ​amount, ​degree, or ​strength:The ​cabin is of moderate ​size – just ​right for a ​smallfamily.moderate ​growth/​inflationHe’s a moderate ​drinker.Imposing ​sanctions is a moderate ​action when you ​consider that the ​alternative is ​military intervention.There has been a moderate ​improvement in her ​health since she ​began the ​treatment.We have had moderate ​success in ​changing people’s ​attitudes.

More examples

moderate adjective (OPINIONS)

Moderate ​opinions, ​especiallypoliticalones, are not ​extremeand are ​thereforeacceptable to a ​largenumber of ​people:The ​partyincludes both ​extremelyconservative and moderate ​members.

adverb UK   US   /-li/

C2There’s very little moderately ​pricedhousing in this ​area.The ​companyremains moderately ​profitable, but it is not making as much ​money as it should.

moderate noun [C]

UK   /ˈmɒd.ər.ət/  US   /ˈmɑː.dɚ-/

a ​person whose ​opinions, ​especiallytheirpoliticalones, are not ​extreme and are ​thereforeacceptable to a ​largenumber of ​people:He is well-known as a moderate in the ​party.

excess noun

UK   US   /ɪkˈses/ /ˈek.ses/

excess noun (TOO MUCH)

C1 [S or U] an ​amount that is more than ​acceptable, ​expected, or ​reasonable:An excess ofenthusiasm is not always a good thing.They both ​eat to excess (= too much).There will be an ​increase in ​tax for those ​earning in excess of (= more than)twice the ​nationalaveragewage.excesses [plural] actionsfar past the ​limit of what is ​acceptable:For many ​yearspeople were ​trying to ​escape the excesses (= ​cruelactions) of the ​junta.As for ​shoes, her excesses (= the ​largenumber she ​owned) were well ​known.

would & used to for repeated past activities:

Would you read under the covers in bed every night when you were a kid?

Would you visit your grandparents regularly when you were young?

5 years ago I would play the guitar all the time, but now I don’t have time.

We would walk the streets of New York all the time when I lived there as a kid.

Or I used to walk around the streets all the time when I was a kid in New York.

10 years ago I would spend most of my time working. I had a very difficult job.

future – would:

1 Would you like to come with me?

2 I would like chips and veggieburger, please.

3I would have been on time if the traffic hadn’t been so busy.

4 I would be very pleased if you would give me a cup of tea.


  • When you were a child which programme (WOULD YOU WATCH EVERYDAY?)did you use  to watch?Which was your favourite place that (YOU WOULD GO ON HOLIDAY?)you used to go to on holiday?Did you use to like the smell of your mother’s cooking?

    What music (WOULD YOU LISTEN TO…?)did you use to listen to in your childhood?

    Do you remember the first mobile phone you (WOULD USE?)used to use?

    (WOULD YOU HAVE…)Did you use to have arguments with your children?

    (WOULD YOU FALL OUT…) Did you use to fall out with your teacher when you were a kid?

    Do you remember an item of clothing which you (USED TO WEAR) would wear at Christmas time?

    (DID YOU USE TO GO…) Would you go to your special place with your friends when you were 8 years old?

    (DID YOU USE TO GET…) Would you get a surprise gift from your husband every week when you first got married?

    What (WOULD YOU DO…) did you use to do when you felt sad?

    Do you remember the first bike you (WOULD RIDE?) used to ride?

Level 2 Group 2 – class notes – 4th November 2015


  1. Children and games discussion – what are the potential benefits of computer games?

  2. Used to & would – completed verbs in the past

  3. Maya Angelou, ‘Woman Work’  (visuals)

  4. Dictogloss – Mark’s nana at throwww.com

  5. Hamid’s presentation – vitamins

Discussion: The benefits of playing computer games: maths, language, learning to drive, keeps children busy and quiet.

children can develop computer skills like the TalkTalk hacker

to help people’s memories, problem solving, military applications.

today’s words:

memento noun [C]

UK   /məˈmen.təʊ/  US   /-toʊ/ (plural mementosor mementoes)

an ​object that you ​keep to ​remember a ​person, ​place, or ​event:I ​kept a ​seashell as a memento ofourholiday.

give up on sb/sth

phrasal verb with give UK   US   /ɡɪv/ verb (gave,given)

to ​expect someone or something to ​fail:Most ​people gave up on him when he ​dropped out, but he went back and ​earned his ​degree two ​yearslater.

give in (to sth)

phrasal verb with give UK   US   /ɡɪv/ verb [I or T](past tense gave, past participle given)

to ​finallyagree to something that someone ​wants after first ​refusing:If you want them to give in you’ll have to ​offer them more than that.
to ​accept that you have been defeated and ​stop arguing or fighting:After months of ​resisting the ​takeover, the ​company was ​forced by its ​shareholders to give in.

stubborn adjective

UK   /ˈstʌb.ən/  US   /-ɚn/

B2 disapproving A stubborn ​person is ​determined to do what he or she ​wants and ​refuses to do anything ​else:They have ​hugearguments because they’re both so stubborn. Things that are stubborn are ​difficult to ​move, ​change, or ​dealwith:He was ​famed for his stubborn resistance and his ​refusal to ​acceptdefeat.

put sth off

phrasal verb with put UK   US   /pʊt/ verb (present participle putting, past tense and past participle put)

B1 to ​decide or ​arrange to ​delay an ​event or ​activity until a ​latertime or ​date:The ​meeting has been put off for a ​week.[+ -ing verb] I can’t put off going to the ​dentist any ​longer.

neglect verb [T]

UK   US   /nɪˈɡlekt/

C1 to not give enough ​care or ​attention to ​people or things that are ​yourresponsibility:to neglect ​yourappearance/the ​houseHe neglects that ​poordog – he never ​takes him for ​walks or gives him any ​attention.She’s been neglecting her ​studies this ​semester.neglect to do sthC2 to not do something, often because you ​forget:I’d neglected to give him the ​name of the ​hotel where I’d be ​staying.

potentialadjective [before noun]

UK   /pəˈten.ʃəl/  US   /poʊ-/

B2 possible when the ​necessaryconditionsexist:A ​number of potential buyers have ​expressedinterest in the ​company.Many potential customers are ​waiting for a ​fall in ​prices before ​buying.The ​accident is a ​grimreminder of the potential dangersinvolvedin ​North Sea ​oilproduction.

More examples

potential noun [U]

UK   /pəˈten.ʃəl/  US   /poʊ-/

B2 someone’s or something’s ​ability to ​develop, ​achieve, or ​succeed:The ​region has enormous potential foreconomicdevelopment.I don’t ​feel I’m achieving my full potential in my ​presentjob.

children’s games:

British bulldog: throw a ball at people to win.

musical chairs



Level 2 Group 1 – class notes – 3rd November 2015


      1. Would & used to review

      2. Maya Angelou, ‘Woman Work’  (visuals)

    1. Opinion essay/presentation – using linking words

    2. Discussion roles – disagreeing, being controversial, initiating and changing your opinion

    3. Mahmoud’s presentation – cyberbullying

    4. art gallery visit Tuesday 10th November
  • 50 things to do before you die.

meet orangutans in Indonesia

Linking words:

A) firstly, to start with, in the first place

B) furthermore, in addition, moreover

C) to conclude, to sum up, in conclusion

D) in contrast, however, as opposed to, at the same time

E) for example, for instance, as an example


scenery noun [U]

UK   /ˈsiː.nər.i/  US   /-nɚ-/

scenery noun [U] (COUNTRYSIDE)

B1 the ​generalappearance of the ​naturalenvironment, ​especiallywhen it is ​beautiful:beautiful/​breathtaking/​spectacular sceneryThey ​stopped at the ​top of the ​hill to admire the scenery.

More examples

scenery noun [U] (THEATRE)

the ​largepaintedpictures used on a ​theatrestage to ​represent the ​place where the ​action is

fainthearted adjective [before noun]

UK   /ˌfeɪntˈhɑː.tɪd/  US  /-ˈhɑːr.t̬ɪd/

Someone who is fainthearted is not ​confident or ​brave and ​dislikes taking ​unnecessaryrisks:He ​deals with ​subjects more fainthearted ​filmmakers would ​stayaway from.

habitat noun [C or U]

UK   US   /ˈhæb.ɪ.tæt/

C1 the ​naturalenvironment in which an ​animal or ​plant usually ​lives:With so many ​areas of ​woodland being ​cut down, a lot of ​wildlife is ​losingitsnatural habitat.

exotic adjective

UK   /ɪɡˈzɒt.ɪk/  US   /-ˈzɑː.t̬ɪk/

B2 unusual and ​exciting because of coming (or ​seeming to come) from ​far away, ​especially a ​tropicalcountry:exotic ​flowers/​food/​designs

moreover adverb

UK   /ˌmɔːˈrəʊ.vər/  US   /ˌmɔːrˈoʊ.vɚ/ formal

B2 (used to ​addinformation) also and more importantly:The ​wholereport is ​badly written. Moreover, it’s ​inaccurate.

contrast noun [C or U]

UK   /ˈkɒn.trɑːst/  US   /ˈkɑːn.træst/

B2 an ​obviousdifference between two or more things:I like the contrast of the ​whitetrousers with the ​blackjacket.The ​antiquefurnishingprovides an ​unusual contrast to the ​modernity of the ​building.

conclude verb

UK   US   /kənˈkluːd/

conclude verb (FINISH)

C1 [I or T] to end a ​speech, ​meeting, or ​piece of writing:She concluded the ​speech byreminding us of ​ourresponsibility.Before I conclude, I’d like to ​thank you all for coming.The ​concert concluded with a ​rousingchorus. [T] to ​complete an ​officialagreement or ​task, or ​arrange a ​businessdeal

furthermore adverb

UK   /ˌfɜː.ðəˈmɔːr/  US   /ˈfɝː.ðɚ.mɔːr/ formal

B2 in ​addition; more importantly:The ​house is ​beautiful. Furthermore, it’s in a ​greatlocation.

meaningless adjective (NO MEANING)

having no ​meaning:a meaningless phrase

meaningless adjective (NOT IMPORTANT)

having no ​importance or ​value:a meaningless ​gesture

meaningful adjective

UK   US   /ˈmiː.nɪŋ.fəl/

meaningful adjective (EXPRESSING STH)

B2 intended to show ​meaning, often secretly:a meaningful ​lookHe ​raised one ​eyebrow in a meaningful way.

meaningful adjective (IMPORTANT/SERIOUS)

B2 useful, ​serious, or ​important:

controversial adjective

UK   /ˌkɒn.trəˈvɜː.ʃəl/  US   /ˌkɑːn.trəˈvɝː-/

B2 causingdisagreement or ​discussion:a controversial ​issue/​decision/​speech/​figureThe ​book was very controversial.