Eat, Sleep, Buy, Die – Globalisation positives & negatives – Level 2 Group 1 class notes 14th June 2016


Practise using the essay vocabulary


  1. Kahoot review of last week’s crime vocabulary & modals of deduction

  2. Multinational corporations & you. What companies do you know and buy from?

  3. What is globalisation? What is consumerism?

  4. What are the positives and negatives of consumerism

  5. Start to write an IELTS style essay on globalisation

To write your essay – think about these questions:

  • Has globalization improved people’s lives?

  • How has globalization affected your life?

  • Is globalization good for the world?

  • What will globalization look like fifty years from now?

  • Do you think globalization could end in a world with just one giant country?

Today’s vocabulary:

moral adjective

B2 relating to the standards of good or bad behaviour, fairness, honesty, etc. that eachperson believes in, rather than to laws:It’s her moral obligation to tell the police what she knows.It is not part of a novelist’s job to make a moral judgment.She was the only politician to condemn the proposed law on moral grounds (= for moral reasons).The Democrats are attempting to capture the moral high ground (= are trying to appear more honestand good than the other political parties).

Americanize verb [T]

UK usually Americanise UK  

to become or make something typical of the US or US culture:Linda Chan was born in Hong Kong but grew up in New York and quickly became Americanized.disapproving Many European cities have been Americanized with burger bars and diners.
Americanization noun [U] UK usually Americanisation UK   

synonymous adjective

C2 having the same meaning:The words “annoyed” and “irritated” are more or less synonymous.

C2 If you say that one thing is synonymous with another, you mean that the two things are so closely connected in most people’s minds that one suggests the other:Oscar Wilde’s name is synonymous with wit.
  • exploit verb [T] (USE UNFAIRLY)

B2 to use someone or something unfairly for your ownadvantage:Laws exist to stop companies exploiting their employees.

haves noun [plural]

the haves and have-nots

the people who are not poor and the people who arepoor:The government’s change of policy is intended to reduce the gapbetween the haves and have-nots in our society.

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sweatshop noun [C]

a small factory where workers are paid very little and work many hours in very badconditions:sweatshop conditions

consumerism noun [U]

politics the state of an advanced industrial society in which a lot of goods are bought andsold

disapproving the situation in which too much attention is given to buying and owningthings:He disliked Christmas and its rampant (= extreme) consumerism.

consume verb [T]

consume verb [T] (USE RESOURCE)

C1 to use fuel, energy, or time, especially in large amounts:Our high living standards cause our current population to consume 25 percent of the world’s oil.
B2 formal to eat or drink, especially a lot of something:He consumes huge amounts of bread with every meal.

globalization noun [U]

UK usually globalisation UK   

C1 the increase of trade around the world, especially by large companies producing andtrading goods in many different countries:We must take advantage of the increased globalization of the commodity trading business.
a situation in which available goods and services, or social and cultural influences,gradually become similar in all parts of the world:the globalization of fashion/American youth culture

toiletries noun [plural]

objects and substances that you use in washing yourself and preventing the body fromsmelling unpleasant:Inside the bag were shampoo and other toiletries.

verdict noun [C]

C2 an opinion or decision made after judging the facts that are given, especially one made at the end of a trial:The jury reached/returned a unanimous verdict of (not) guilty.Voters gave their verdict on the government’s economic record last night by voting overwhelmingly for the opposition.

acquit verb

[T often passive] to decide officially in a law court that someone is not guilty of a particularcrime:She was acquitted of all the charges against her.Five months ago he was acquitted on a shoplifting charge.



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