Prawo Jazdy: Identity of Ireland’s most notorious driver uncovered – Level 2 class notes 24th May 2016

Quick test on today’s words here:


  1. Exam feedback and what you want to do next

  2. ADVANCED use of articles – slide show here

  3. Reading about Ireland’s “worst ever driver”.

  4. Discussion of possible trips – Lyme Park?

Information about articles:

Games to test your articles knowledge


BBC article about, “The mystery of Ireland’s worst driver.”

Daily Telegraph article about, “Prawo Jazdy: Identity of Ireland’s most notorious driver uncovered.”

Today’s words

  • cult noun (RELIGION)

[C] a religious group, often living together, whosebeliefs are considered extreme or strange by manypeople:Their son ran away from home and joined a religious cult.
[C] a particular system of religious belief:the Hindu cult of Shiva

cult adjective [before noun]

liked very much by a particular group of people:The singer had a cult following in the 1970s.a cult figure/movie

elude verb [T]

elude verb [T] (NOT ACHIEVE)

formal If something that you want eludes you, you do not succeed in achieving it:The gold medal continues to elude her.They had minor breakthroughs but real success eluded them.

amend verb [T]

C2 to change the words of a text, especially a law or a legaldocument:MPs were urged to amend the law to prevent another oil tankerdisaster.In line 20, “men” should be amended (= changed) topeople“.Until the constitution is amended, the power to appoint ministerswill remain with the president.

memo noun [C]

C1 a message or other information in writing sent by oneperson or department to another in the same businessorganization:Did you get my memo about the meeting?

  • rectify verb [T] (CORRECT)

C1 formal to correct something or make something right:I am determined to take whatever action is necessary to rectify the situation.Every effort is made to rectify any errors/mistakes before thebook is printed.
  • apprehension noun [U] (WORRY)

worry about the future, or a fear that somethingunpleasant is going to happen:It’s normal to feel a little apprehension before starting a new job.There is some apprehension in the office about who the newdirector will be.
  • apprehension noun [U] (CATCHING)

formal the situation in which the police catch and arrestsomeone who has not obeyed the law:Both the army and the police were involved in the apprehension of the terrorists.

apprehensive adjective

feeling worried about something that you are going to do or that is going to happen:I’m very apprehensive about tomorrow’s meeting.I’ve invited a lot of people to the party, but I’m a little apprehensive that no one will come.

villain noun

[C] a bad person who harms other people or breaks thelaw:Some people believe that Richard III was not the villain he isgenerally thought to have been.He’s either a hero or a villain, depending on your point of view.

[C] UK informal a criminal:Bert’s just a small-time villain.
[C] a character in a book, play, film, etc. who harmsother people:He made his reputation as an actor playing villains

dawdle verb [I]

to do something or go somewhere very slowly, taking more time than is necessary:Stop dawdling! You’ll be late for school!

definite adjective

B2 fixed, certain, or clear:The date for the meeting is now definite: 5 March .She has very definite opinions.We need a definite answer by tomorrow.“Are you sure I’m invited too?” “Yes, Dan was very definite aboutit on the phone.”There’s been a definite improvement in your English since you came here.

colleague noun [C]

A2 one of a group of people who work together:We’re entertaining some colleagues of Carol’s tonight.

expend iconexpend icon


herb noun [C]

B1 a type of plant whose leaves are used in cooking to giveflavour to particular dishes or in making medicine:dried/fresh herbsBasil, oregano, thyme, and rosemary are all herbs.A large range of herbs and spices are used in South Asiancooking.

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