If you were to create a Time Capsule for 2016, what would you put in it? – Level 2 class notes – 17th May 2016

Homework – Future in the past:

Explanation of future in the past here: http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/futureinpast.html

USE 1 Future in Past

Future in the Past is used to express the idea that in the past you thought something would happen in the future. It does not matter if you are correct or not. Future in the Past follows the same basic rules as the Simple Future. “Would” is used to volunteer or promise, and “was going to” is used to plan. Moreover, both forms can be used to make predictions about the future.

  1. https://elt.oup.com/student/solutions1stedition/ui_unit_page/unit9/grammar/exercise2?cc=us&selLanguage=en
  2. http://random-idea-english.blogspot.co.uk/2011/06/future-in-past-future-in-past-is.html
  3. http://testyourenglish.org/test-64
  4. http://www.tolearnenglish.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise-english-6594.php
  5. http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/verbtenseintro.html

Class Objectives:

  1. Text features review & reported speech revision

  2. A Time Capsule – what would you pick to represent your life, your culture and 2016 for someone to open in 30 or 100 years time?

  3. Grammar – future in the past – It was meant to be; it was supposed to be; she was going to visit China, but she ran out of money.

  4. Wonders of the Universe

The Blue Peter Time Capsule

1971 – They buried it in the ground.

2000 – The old presenters and the new presenters dug it up:

Future in the past:

The XSeed 4000 is the tallest building ever fully envisioned, meaning that the designs for construction have been completed but it was never built. It was meant to be big enough to have an entire city inside.

Wonders of the Universe

Today’s words:

permanent adjective

B1 lasting for a long time or for ever:She is looking for a permanent place to stay.Are you looking for a temporary or a permanent job?The disease can cause permanent damage to the brain.A semi-permanent hair dye will wash out after about threemonths.He entered the United States in 1988 as a permanent residentbecause of his marriage to a U.S. citizen.

fundamental adjective

C2 forming the base, from which everything else develops:We need to make fundamental changes to the way in which we treat our environment.It’s one of the fundamental differences between men and women.The school is based on the fundamental principle that all childrenshould reach their full potential.Diversity is of fundamental importance to all ecosystems and alleconomies.

C2 more important than anything else:Some understanding of grammar is fundamental to learninga language.
  • reverse verb (CHANGE TO OPPOSITE)

C1 [T] to change the direction, order, position, result, etc. of something to its opposite:The new manager hoped to reverse the decline in the company’sfortunes.Now that you have a job and I don’t, our situations are reversed.The Court of Appeal reversed the earlier judgment.
  • reverse verb (DRIVE BACKWARDS)

B2 [I or T] to drive a vehicle backwards:He reversed into a lamppost and damaged the back of thecar.She reversed the car into the parking space.

pivot noun [C]

a fixed point supporting something that turns orbalances

the central or most important person or thing in asituation:The former guerrilla leader has become the pivot on which the country’s emerging political stability turns/revolves (= it dependson him).

dictate verb (GIVE ORDERS)

C1 [I or T] to give orders, or tell someone exactly what they must do, with total authority:The UN will dictate the terms of troop withdrawal from the region.[+ question word] He disagrees with the government dictatingwhat children are taught in schools.[+ that] The rules dictate that only running shoes must be wornon the track.
[T] to influence something or make it necessary:The party’s change of policy has been dictated by its need towin back younger voters.[+ that] I wanted to take a year off, but my financial situationdictated that I got a job.

dictate noun [C usually plural]

an order that should be obeyed, often one that you give to yourself:the dictates of conscience/common sense

  • dictate verb (SPEAK)

[I or T] to speak something aloud for a person ormachine to record what is said, so that it can be written down:I dictated my order over the phone.She spent the morning dictating letters to her secretary.


blood is thicker than water:

a timeline:

a butty: A Northern English slang word for a sandwich


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