Level 2 Group 1 – 8th December 2015 – Level 2 Group 2 9th December 2015 class notes

Objectives

    1. Vocabulary Blockbusters – revise all the new words we have focused on this term

    2. Discourse markers to express opinion: strongly agree, half agree & disagreeing mildy or strongly. Talking about a variety of topics

    3. Stating opinions about travel quotations using discourse markers

    4. Travel listening – across Europe by train

    5. Travel listening – Jonathan Dimbleby goes back to Africa

    6. Homework – writing about a city you know using senses

Travelling in Europe by train

Jonathan Dimbleby goes back to Africa

Today’s words:

luggage rack

snug adjective

UK   US   /snʌɡ/(snugger, snuggest)

(of a ​person) ​feelingwarm, ​comfortable, and ​protected, or (of a ​place, ​especially a ​smallplace) giving ​feelings of ​warmth, ​comfort, and ​protection:We ​curled up in ​bed, all snug and ​warm, and ​listened to the ​stormoutside.I ​betyourfeet are ​nice and snug in ​yourfur-lined ​boots! fittingclosely:These ​shoes are a ​bit too snug – do you have them in a ​largersize?

snuggle verb [I usually + adv/prep]

UK   US   /ˈsnʌɡ.l̩/

to ​move yourself into a ​warm and ​comfortableposition, ​especially one in which ​yourbody is against another ​person or ​covered by something:The ​children snuggled up to ​theirmother to get ​warm.I was just snuggling down into my ​warm ​bed when my ​phonerang.

landscape noun

UK   US   /ˈlænd.skeɪp/

B1 [C] a ​largearea of ​countryside, ​especially in ​relation to ​itsappearance:a ​rural/​barren landscapeThe landscape is ​dotted with the ​tentsof ​campers and ​hikers.The ​cathedraldominates the landscape for ​miles around. [C or U] a ​view or ​picture of the ​countryside, or the ​art of making such ​pictures:a ​watercolour landscape

voyage      n  

1    a journey, travel, or passage, esp. one to a distant land or by sea or air  
2    an ambitious project . Starting this business has been a voyage of discovery (I’m learning new things every day!)

amenity noun [C usually plural]

UK  /əˈmiː.nɪ.ti/  US   /əˈmen.ə.t̬i/

something, such as a ​swimmingpoolor ​shoppingcentre, that is ​intendedto make ​life more ​pleasant or ​comfortable for the ​people in a ​town, ​hotel, or other ​place:The ​council has some ​sparecash, which it ​proposes to ​spend on publicamenities.basic amenities things ​considered to be ​necessary to ​livecomfortably, such as ​hotwater:The 200-year-old ​jail is ​overcrowded, ​understaffed, and lacking inbasicamenities.

vitality noun [U]

UK   /vaɪˈtæl.ɪ.ti/  US  /-ə.t̬i/ approving

C2 energy and ​strength:According to the ​packet, these ​vitaminpills will ​restorelost vitality.

mania noun [C or U] (STRONG INTEREST)

disapproving a very ​stronginterest in something that ​fills a person’s ​mindor uses up all ​theirtime:So why ​yoursudden mania forexercise?The ​articledescribes the religiousmania that is ​sweeping the US

mania noun [C or U] (MENTAL ILLNESS)

a ​state in which someone ​directs all ​theirattention to one ​particular thing:Van Gogh ​suffered from ​acutepersecution mania.She’s always ​cleaning – it’s like a mania with her. specialized psychology a ​state of ​extremephysical and ​mentalactivity, often ​involving a ​loss of ​judgmentand ​periods of ​euphoria

-mania suffix

UK   US   /-meɪ.ni.ə/

a very ​stronginterest in the ​statedthing, ​especially among a ​largegroup of ​people:Beatle-mania ​sweptBritain in the 1960s.

automated adjective

US   /ˈɔ·t̬əˌmeɪ·t̬ɪd/

made to ​operate by ​machines or ​computers in ​order to ​reduce the ​work done by humans:an automated ​systemautomated ​equipment

reserved adjective (PERSON)

B2 Reserved ​people do not often ​talkabout or show ​theirfeelings or ​thoughts:a ​quiet, reserved womanThe ​English have a ​reputation for being reserved.

reserved adjective (KEPT)

Reserved ​tickets, ​seats, etc. are ​onesthat you have ​arranged to be ​kept for you:May I ​sit here, or is this ​seat/​tablereserved?

intent adjective

UK   US   /ɪnˈtent/

giving all ​yourattention to something:an intent ​stareShe had an intent ​look on her ​face.
be intent on sth/doing sthC2 to be ​determined to do or ​achievesomething:I’ve ​triedpersuading her not to go but she’s intent on it.He ​seems intent on ​upsetting everyone in the ​room!

intently

adverb UK   US   /-li/

The ​childstared intently at her.

intent noun [U]

UK   US   /ɪnˈtent/formal or specialized

C2 the ​fact that you ​want and ​plan to do something:I ​spenthalf the ​morning on the ​phone, which wasn’t really my intent.[+ to infinitive] It was not his intent tohurt anyone.She was ​charged with ​possessingweapons with intent toendangerlife.

Idioms

necessarily adverb

UK   US   /ˈnes.ə.ser.ɪl.i/

B2 used in ​negatives to ​mean “in every ​case” or “​therefore“:The ​fact that something is ​cheapdoesn’t necessarily ​mean it’s of ​lowquality.You can ​love someone without necessarily ​wanting to ​marry them.That’s not necessarily ​true.

suppose verb (THINK LIKELY)

A2 [T] to ​think that something is ​likely to be ​true:[+ (that)] Dan didn’t ​answer his ​phone, so I suppose (that) he’s ​busy.He ​found it a lot more ​difficult to get a ​job than he supposed it would be.[+ (that)] Do you suppose (that) Gillian will ​marry him?It is ​widely supposed (that) the ​CEO will be ​forced to ​resign.[+ to infinitive] We all supposed him to be ​German, but in ​fact he was ​Swiss.Her new ​book is supposed to be (= ​generallypeoplethink it is) very good. [+ (that)] used to show that you ​thinksomething is ​true, ​although you ​wishthat it were not:I suppose (that) all the ​tickets will be ​sold by now. [+ (that)] used when you are ​annoyed:I suppose (that) you’re going to be late again.I suppose (that) you ​think that’s ​funny. Well, I ​certainly don’t.B1 used to show ​unwillingness to ​agree:“Can I go out ​tonight?” “Oh, I supposeso.”[+ (that)] I don’t ​agree with it, but I suppose (that) it’s for the ​best. [+ (that)] used in making ​politerequests:I don’t suppose (that) you could ​lendme £5 till ​tomorrow?
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