Level 2 Group 2 – class notes – 11th November 2015


  1. Remembrance Day

  2. Revision of prepostitions of time

  3. Remembrance day 2 minutes silence

  4. Newspapers – are they still relevant today

  5. Abdul’s presentation about Afghanistan

    Afghanistan in the 1970s


new words:

boy scouts

biodata noun [U]

UK   /ˈbaɪ.əʊˌdeɪ.tə/  US   /-oʊˌdeɪ.t̬ə/

details about someone’s ​life, ​job, and ​achievements

riot noun

UK   US   /ˈraɪ.ət/

C1 [C] a ​noisy, ​violent, and uncontrolled ​publicmeeting:Inner-city riots erupted when a ​local man was ​shot by ​police. [S] old-fashioned informal a very ​funny or ​entertainingoccasionor ​person:“How was the ​party?” “It was ​great – we had a riot.”I ​met Mike’s ​brother for the first ​time – he’s a riot.

debut noun [C]

UK   US   /ˈdeɪ.bju/

C1 the ​occasion when someone ​performs or ​presents something to the ​public for the first ​time:She made her ​professionalstage debut in Swan Lake.He ​started as an ​actor, making his debut as a ​director in 1990.her debut (= first)album

commemorate verb [T]

UK   US   /kəˈmem.ə.reɪt/

C2 to ​rememberofficially and give ​respect to a ​greatperson or ​event, ​especially by a ​publicceremony or by making a statueor ​specialbuilding:Gathered all together in this ​church, we commemorate those who ​losttheirlives in the ​war.A ​statue has been ​built to commemorate the 100th ​anniversary of the poet’s ​birthday.

tabloid adjective, noun [C]

UK   US   /ˈtæb.lɔɪd/

B2 (of or ​relating to) a ​type of ​popularnewspaper with ​smallpages that has many ​pictures and ​short, ​simplereports:the tabloid ​pressa tabloid ​newspaper 

broadsheet noun [C]

UK   /ˈbrɔːd.ʃiːt/  US   /ˈbrɑːd-/ UK

a ​newspaper that is ​printed on ​largesheets of ​paper, or an ​advertisementprinted on a ​largesheet of ​paper:In ​Britain, the broadsheets are ​generallybelieved to be more ​serious than the ​tabloids.

Level 2 Group 1 – class notes – 8th November 2015


  1. Complete your online ILP

  2. Do your BKSB Level Diagnostic test: “This is a diagnostic assessment, not a test. A test measures what you do know, whereas this set of questions will attempt to gauge what you do not know in order that your tutor can better assist you with your learning. Please try and answer all the questions, but do not guess. If you fluke a correct answer your tutor may think you understand the topic it refers to, when in truth you need to learn it.”

  3. Take a Level 2 Reading test: EdExcel tests here

  4. Amanuel’s presentation – global warming

  5. To be used to https://prezi.com/uwhzt2k7zpsk/copy-of-english-presentation/#

  6. Trip preparations

  7. 1-2-1 with Mark (if you haven’t spoken to me yet this term)

  • Today’s words:

Level 2 Group 2 – class notes – 5th November 2015


  1. British Holidays – Guy Fawkes Day

2. Remembrance Sunday – why do people wear poppies?

3. Used to + would – for completed actions in the past review

4. Writing about your grandparents – used to & would

5. Hamid’s presentation on vitamins (continued!)

6. Opinion essay/presentation – using linking words

7. Discussion roles – disagreeing, being controversial, initiating and changing your opinion

today’s words:

moderate adjective

UK   /ˈmɒd.ər.ət/  US   /ˈmɑː.dɚ-/

moderate adjective (MEDIUM-SIZED)

C1 neither ​smallnorlarge in ​size, ​amount, ​degree, or ​strength:The ​cabin is of moderate ​size – just ​right for a ​smallfamily.moderate ​growth/​inflationHe’s a moderate ​drinker.Imposing ​sanctions is a moderate ​action when you ​consider that the ​alternative is ​military intervention.There has been a moderate ​improvement in her ​health since she ​began the ​treatment.We have had moderate ​success in ​changing people’s ​attitudes.

More examples

moderate adjective (OPINIONS)

Moderate ​opinions, ​especiallypoliticalones, are not ​extremeand are ​thereforeacceptable to a ​largenumber of ​people:The ​partyincludes both ​extremelyconservative and moderate ​members.

adverb UK   US   /-li/

C2There’s very little moderately ​pricedhousing in this ​area.The ​companyremains moderately ​profitable, but it is not making as much ​money as it should.

moderate noun [C]

UK   /ˈmɒd.ər.ət/  US   /ˈmɑː.dɚ-/

a ​person whose ​opinions, ​especiallytheirpoliticalones, are not ​extreme and are ​thereforeacceptable to a ​largenumber of ​people:He is well-known as a moderate in the ​party.

excess noun

UK   US   /ɪkˈses/ /ˈek.ses/

excess noun (TOO MUCH)

C1 [S or U] an ​amount that is more than ​acceptable, ​expected, or ​reasonable:An excess ofenthusiasm is not always a good thing.They both ​eat to excess (= too much).There will be an ​increase in ​tax for those ​earning in excess of (= more than)twice the ​nationalaveragewage.excesses [plural] actionsfar past the ​limit of what is ​acceptable:For many ​yearspeople were ​trying to ​escape the excesses (= ​cruelactions) of the ​junta.As for ​shoes, her excesses (= the ​largenumber she ​owned) were well ​known.

would & used to for repeated past activities:

Would you read under the covers in bed every night when you were a kid?

Would you visit your grandparents regularly when you were young?

5 years ago I would play the guitar all the time, but now I don’t have time.

We would walk the streets of New York all the time when I lived there as a kid.

Or I used to walk around the streets all the time when I was a kid in New York.

10 years ago I would spend most of my time working. I had a very difficult job.

future – would:

1 Would you like to come with me?

2 I would like chips and veggieburger, please.

3I would have been on time if the traffic hadn’t been so busy.

4 I would be very pleased if you would give me a cup of tea.


  • When you were a child which programme (WOULD YOU WATCH EVERYDAY?)did you use  to watch?Which was your favourite place that (YOU WOULD GO ON HOLIDAY?)you used to go to on holiday?Did you use to like the smell of your mother’s cooking?

    What music (WOULD YOU LISTEN TO…?)did you use to listen to in your childhood?

    Do you remember the first mobile phone you (WOULD USE?)used to use?

    (WOULD YOU HAVE…)Did you use to have arguments with your children?

    (WOULD YOU FALL OUT…) Did you use to fall out with your teacher when you were a kid?

    Do you remember an item of clothing which you (USED TO WEAR) would wear at Christmas time?

    (DID YOU USE TO GO…) Would you go to your special place with your friends when you were 8 years old?

    (DID YOU USE TO GET…) Would you get a surprise gift from your husband every week when you first got married?

    What (WOULD YOU DO…) did you use to do when you felt sad?

    Do you remember the first bike you (WOULD RIDE?) used to ride?

Level 2 Group 2 – class notes – 4th November 2015


  1. Children and games discussion – what are the potential benefits of computer games?

  2. Used to & would – completed verbs in the past

  3. Maya Angelou, ‘Woman Work’  (visuals)

  4. Dictogloss – Mark’s nana at throwww.com

  5. Hamid’s presentation – vitamins

Discussion: The benefits of playing computer games: maths, language, learning to drive, keeps children busy and quiet.

children can develop computer skills like the TalkTalk hacker

to help people’s memories, problem solving, military applications.

today’s words:

memento noun [C]

UK   /məˈmen.təʊ/  US   /-toʊ/ (plural mementosor mementoes)

an ​object that you ​keep to ​remember a ​person, ​place, or ​event:I ​kept a ​seashell as a memento ofourholiday.

give up on sb/sth

phrasal verb with give UK   US   /ɡɪv/ verb (gave,given)

to ​expect someone or something to ​fail:Most ​people gave up on him when he ​dropped out, but he went back and ​earned his ​degree two ​yearslater.

give in (to sth)

phrasal verb with give UK   US   /ɡɪv/ verb [I or T](past tense gave, past participle given)

to ​finallyagree to something that someone ​wants after first ​refusing:If you want them to give in you’ll have to ​offer them more than that.
to ​accept that you have been defeated and ​stop arguing or fighting:After months of ​resisting the ​takeover, the ​company was ​forced by its ​shareholders to give in.

stubborn adjective

UK   /ˈstʌb.ən/  US   /-ɚn/

B2 disapproving A stubborn ​person is ​determined to do what he or she ​wants and ​refuses to do anything ​else:They have ​hugearguments because they’re both so stubborn. Things that are stubborn are ​difficult to ​move, ​change, or ​dealwith:He was ​famed for his stubborn resistance and his ​refusal to ​acceptdefeat.

put sth off

phrasal verb with put UK   US   /pʊt/ verb (present participle putting, past tense and past participle put)

B1 to ​decide or ​arrange to ​delay an ​event or ​activity until a ​latertime or ​date:The ​meeting has been put off for a ​week.[+ -ing verb] I can’t put off going to the ​dentist any ​longer.

neglect verb [T]

UK   US   /nɪˈɡlekt/

C1 to not give enough ​care or ​attention to ​people or things that are ​yourresponsibility:to neglect ​yourappearance/the ​houseHe neglects that ​poordog – he never ​takes him for ​walks or gives him any ​attention.She’s been neglecting her ​studies this ​semester.neglect to do sthC2 to not do something, often because you ​forget:I’d neglected to give him the ​name of the ​hotel where I’d be ​staying.

potentialadjective [before noun]

UK   /pəˈten.ʃəl/  US   /poʊ-/

B2 possible when the ​necessaryconditionsexist:A ​number of potential buyers have ​expressedinterest in the ​company.Many potential customers are ​waiting for a ​fall in ​prices before ​buying.The ​accident is a ​grimreminder of the potential dangersinvolvedin ​North Sea ​oilproduction.

More examples

potential noun [U]

UK   /pəˈten.ʃəl/  US   /poʊ-/

B2 someone’s or something’s ​ability to ​develop, ​achieve, or ​succeed:The ​region has enormous potential foreconomicdevelopment.I don’t ​feel I’m achieving my full potential in my ​presentjob.

children’s games:

British bulldog: throw a ball at people to win.

musical chairs



Level 2 Group 1 – class notes – 3rd November 2015


      1. Would & used to review

      2. Maya Angelou, ‘Woman Work’  (visuals)

    1. Opinion essay/presentation – using linking words

    2. Discussion roles – disagreeing, being controversial, initiating and changing your opinion

    3. Mahmoud’s presentation – cyberbullying

    4. art gallery visit Tuesday 10th November
  • 50 things to do before you die.

meet orangutans in Indonesia

Linking words:

A) firstly, to start with, in the first place

B) furthermore, in addition, moreover

C) to conclude, to sum up, in conclusion

D) in contrast, however, as opposed to, at the same time

E) for example, for instance, as an example


scenery noun [U]

UK   /ˈsiː.nər.i/  US   /-nɚ-/

scenery noun [U] (COUNTRYSIDE)

B1 the ​generalappearance of the ​naturalenvironment, ​especiallywhen it is ​beautiful:beautiful/​breathtaking/​spectacular sceneryThey ​stopped at the ​top of the ​hill to admire the scenery.

More examples

scenery noun [U] (THEATRE)

the ​largepaintedpictures used on a ​theatrestage to ​represent the ​place where the ​action is

fainthearted adjective [before noun]

UK   /ˌfeɪntˈhɑː.tɪd/  US  /-ˈhɑːr.t̬ɪd/

Someone who is fainthearted is not ​confident or ​brave and ​dislikes taking ​unnecessaryrisks:He ​deals with ​subjects more fainthearted ​filmmakers would ​stayaway from.

habitat noun [C or U]

UK   US   /ˈhæb.ɪ.tæt/

C1 the ​naturalenvironment in which an ​animal or ​plant usually ​lives:With so many ​areas of ​woodland being ​cut down, a lot of ​wildlife is ​losingitsnatural habitat.

exotic adjective

UK   /ɪɡˈzɒt.ɪk/  US   /-ˈzɑː.t̬ɪk/

B2 unusual and ​exciting because of coming (or ​seeming to come) from ​far away, ​especially a ​tropicalcountry:exotic ​flowers/​food/​designs

moreover adverb

UK   /ˌmɔːˈrəʊ.vər/  US   /ˌmɔːrˈoʊ.vɚ/ formal

B2 (used to ​addinformation) also and more importantly:The ​wholereport is ​badly written. Moreover, it’s ​inaccurate.

contrast noun [C or U]

UK   /ˈkɒn.trɑːst/  US   /ˈkɑːn.træst/

B2 an ​obviousdifference between two or more things:I like the contrast of the ​whitetrousers with the ​blackjacket.The ​antiquefurnishingprovides an ​unusual contrast to the ​modernity of the ​building.

conclude verb

UK   US   /kənˈkluːd/

conclude verb (FINISH)

C1 [I or T] to end a ​speech, ​meeting, or ​piece of writing:She concluded the ​speech byreminding us of ​ourresponsibility.Before I conclude, I’d like to ​thank you all for coming.The ​concert concluded with a ​rousingchorus. [T] to ​complete an ​officialagreement or ​task, or ​arrange a ​businessdeal

furthermore adverb

UK   /ˌfɜː.ðəˈmɔːr/  US   /ˈfɝː.ðɚ.mɔːr/ formal

B2 in ​addition; more importantly:The ​house is ​beautiful. Furthermore, it’s in a ​greatlocation.

meaningless adjective (NO MEANING)

having no ​meaning:a meaningless phrase

meaningless adjective (NOT IMPORTANT)

having no ​importance or ​value:a meaningless ​gesture

meaningful adjective

UK   US   /ˈmiː.nɪŋ.fəl/

meaningful adjective (EXPRESSING STH)

B2 intended to show ​meaning, often secretly:a meaningful ​lookHe ​raised one ​eyebrow in a meaningful way.

meaningful adjective (IMPORTANT/SERIOUS)

B2 useful, ​serious, or ​important:

controversial adjective

UK   /ˌkɒn.trəˈvɜː.ʃəl/  US   /ˌkɑːn.trəˈvɝː-/

B2 causingdisagreement or ​discussion:a controversial ​issue/​decision/​speech/​figureThe ​book was very controversial.

Level 2 group 1 – my nana – used to & would stories on throwww.com – 2nd November 2015

Level 2 Group 1 students wrote about their grandparents on throwww.com using ussed to and would:

Mohammed’s story

Sandra’s story

Rayan’s story

Karimata’s story

Eh Poh’s story

Inga’s story

Amina’s story

Helemu’s story

Efrem’s story

Mahmoud’s story

Hyfa’s story

Sarah’s story

Rula’s story

My nana would always be in the kitchen whenever i went to visit the family house. She would enjoy spending a lot of time in cooking and making desserts and patisseries. And when she did not have something else to do, she used to sit down in a veranda attached to the kitchen and knit or have coffee with her neighbor. They would complain about their husbands, aching joints, the prices getting more expensive. They would also speak about their children, their grandchildren, the other neighbors, the old days and how better life was.
My nana liked to sing when nobody is listening and had a very nice voice. She would make up songs her own and it used to be of my best times when i walk to the kitchen in silence and listen secretly to her. Her songs will be about longing to her country and dead family and distant sons who traveled and got busy with life.
My nana had 12 sons and daughters and used to make fun of them having maximum 3 or 4 children. she always thought the more the merrier and that is why she used to invite all for lunch or dinner every couple days.
My nana was so excited when i went to university and used to tell me I made the right decision choosing medicine.. Nana always had a special respect for doctors and was proud of being the mother of 4 doctors and the grandmother of 8. I think that was because she used to be sick for long times in her life.
Unfortunately she did not live to see me when I graduated and became a doctor as she would wish to see me. I was in my third year at university when my nana died, but she was present in my graduation day more than anyone else in the room.





Level 2 Group 1 – class notes – 2nd November 2015


  1. Used to & would – completed verbs in the past

  2. Maya Angelou, ‘Woman Work’  (visuals)

  3. Dictogloss – Mark’s nana at throwww.com

  4. Would/used to discussion & role play

  5. The life of your grandparents – blog your story on www.throwww.com & send me the link!

  6. Used to songs: The Cranberries, Goyte &

  7. The Arcade Fire – strange interactive video for the town where you grew up or used to live (i.e. Manchester for me)

  8. Gadgets of yesteryear

When I was a kid, I had no watch.
I used to tell the time by my violin.
I used to practise in the middle of the night,
and the neighbours would yell,
“Fine time to practise the violin,
three o’clock in the morning!”

The Cranberries, ‘Just my imagination.’


The Arcade Fire, ‘We used to wait.’

Goyte, ‘Somebody that I used to know.’

Madonna, ‘This used to be my playground.’


a tea pot

crockery: plates, saucers, jugs, tea pots, bowls

cutlery: knives, forks, spoons

kaftan noun [C]

UK   US   /ˈkæf.tæn/

a ​long, ​loosepiece of ​clothing with ​widesleeves, of the ​typeworn in ​WesternAsia


cherish verb [T]

UK   US   /ˈtʃer.ɪʃ/

to ​love, ​protect, and ​care for someone or something that is ​important to you:Although I cherish my ​children, I do ​allow them ​theirindependence.Her most cherished ​possession is a 1926 ​letter from F. Scott Fitzgerald.Freedom of ​speech is a cherished (= ​carefullyprotected)right in this ​country. to ​keephopes, ​memories, or ​ideas in ​yourmind because they are ​important to you and ​bring you ​pleasure:

memento noun [C]

UK   /məˈmen.təʊ/  US   /-toʊ/ (plural mementos ormementoes)

an ​object that you ​keep to ​remembera ​person, ​place, or ​event:I ​kept a ​seashell as a memento ofourholiday.


The meaning of “hit the town” is:

to go out and have fun

used to and would questions:

Amina used to be very shy, but now she’s very talkative.
Karima used to have longer hair but now it’s much shorter.
Bita would always come on time before the half term break.

What TV programme would you watch when you were a kid?
Where did you use to go on holiday?
Did you use to like strong smelling perfumes?
What music would you listen to in your room when you came home from school?
What music did your parents use to listen to?
What clothes did you use to wear?
How did your parents use to surprise you on April Fools day?
What type of party did you use to enjoy?
What time did your parents use to want you to come home from parties when you were 15?
We would always go to the forest on my sister’s birthday to go for a walk.
What did you do on your 18th birthday?
What used to happen at Eid when you were young?