Level 2 Group 2 – class notes – 19th November 2015

phrasal verb

  1. an idiomatic phrase consisting of a verb and another element, typically either an adverb, as in break down, or a preposition, for example see to, or a combination of both, such as look down on.


    1. Phrasal verbs warmer

    2. 19th November is International Toilet Day

    3. phrasal verbs with OUT, TAKE, DOWN, BREAK & UP at the end

    4. Exam practice PRESENTATIONs on the media & newspapers

    5. Exam practice listening

    6. Presentation

    7. Future forms review (homework)

    Phrasal verbs

    1. Some idiot turned off the fridge, and the milk has gone off.
    2. He looked quite convincing dressed as a woman but his moustache gave him away. She looks young but her wrinkles give her true age away. The teacher wanted to know who had cheated in the exam and the pupil’s excellent vocabulary gave away the fact that they had used google to copy their writing.
    3. The game of chess originates from India and goes back about two thousand years. The history of my family goes back all the way to Ireland in the 1820s.
    4. I need a break. All this non-stop work is getting me down. I don’t like all these phrasal verbs, they’re too hard. It’s getting me down all this confusing language.
    5. What exactly are you getting at? Have I done something wrong?
    6. No, darling, it looks terrible, I think you’ll find that purple spiky hair went out decades ago.
    7. I was offered a great job in America, but I had to turn it down because I’m looking after my mother.
    8. I know you’re busy, but can’t you just drop in for a minute and say hello to the guys?
    9. She’s brilliant. We spent weeks on this software problem, getting nowhere. Then she arrived and came up with a solution straightaway.
    10. How can we get round the problem of over-staffing without actually sacking people?
    11. It’s too late to change your mind now. You’ve handed in your resignation.
    12. After my husband passed away I was grief stricken for years – well, weeks anyway.

    Today’s words

    rather adverb

    UK   /ˈrɑː.ðər/  US   /ˈræð.ɚ/

    rather adverb (SMALL AMOUNT)

    B1 quite; to a ​slightdegree:It’s rather ​cold today, isn’t it?That’s rather adifficultbook – here’s an ​easier one for you.The ​train was rather too ​crowded for a ​comfortablejourney.She ​answered the ​phone rather sleepily.I rather ​doubt I’ll be ​able to come to ​yourparty.
    instead of; used ​especially when you ​prefer one thing to another:I ​think I’d like to ​stay at ​home this ​evening rather than go out

    stress noun

    UK   US   /stres/

    stress noun (WORRY)

    B1 [C or U] greatworrycaused by a ​difficultsituation, or something that ​causes this ​condition:People under a lot of stress may ​experienceheadaches, ​minorpains, and ​sleeping difficulties.Yoga is a very ​effectivetechnique for combating stress.the stresses and ​strains of the ​jobstress-​relatedillness

    More examples

    stress noun (PRONUNCIATION)

    B2 [C or U] the way that a word or ​syllable is ​pronounced with ​greaterforce than other words in the same ​sentence or other ​syllables in the same word:The ​meaning of a ​sentence often ​depends on stress and ​intonation.When “​insert” is a ​verb, the stress is on the second ​syllable, but when it is a ​noun, the stress is on the first ​syllable.
    a road bypass – a road that bypasses a town (to keep traffic out of the centre. A heart bypass – a way to send the blood to bypass a problem area in your heart.

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